Rotating machinery is employed today in a wide variety of industrial applications, including the oil, power and process industries. With the continuing expansion of the applications of rotating machinery, qualified personnel are required by increasingly large numbers of users.

Rotating Machinery, Engineering and Management is a specialist option of the MSc in Thermal Power providing a comprehensive background in the design and operation of different types of rotating equipment for power, oil, gas, marine and other surface applications.

Overview

  • Start dateMarch or October
  • DurationFull-time MSc: one year
  • DeliveryTaught modules 50%, individual research project 50%
  • QualificationMSc, PgDip
  • Study typeFull-time
  • CampusCranfield campus

Who is it for?

Designed for those seeking a career in the design, development, operation and maintenance of power systems. Graduates are provided with the skills that allow them to deliver immediate benefits in a very demanding and rewarding workplace and therefore are in great demand. This course is suitable for graduates seeking a challenging and rewarding career in an international growth industry.

Why this course?

The MSc option in Rotating Machinery, Engineering and Management is structured to enable you to pursue your own specific interests and career aspirations. You may choose from a wide range of optional modules and select an appropriate research project. An intensive two-week industrial management course is offered which assists in achieving exemptions from some engineering council requirements. You will receive a thorough grounding in the operation of different types of rotating machinery for aeronautical, marine and industrial applications.

We have been at the forefront of postgraduate education in thermal power and gas turbine technology at Cranfield since 1946. We have a global reputation for our advanced postgraduate education, extensive research and applied continuing professional development.

This MSc programme benefits from a wide range of cultural backgrounds which significantly enhances the learning experience for both staff and students.

Informed by industry

Our industry partners help support our students in a number of ways - through guest lectures, awarding student prizes, recruiting course graduates and ensuring course content remains relevant to leading employers.

The Industrial Advisory Panel meets annually to maintain course relevancy and ensure that graduates are equipped with the skills and knowledge required by leading employers. Knowledge gained from our extensive research and consultancy activity is also constantly fed back into the MSc programme. The Thermal Power MSc Industrial Advisory Panel is comprised of senior engineers from companies such as:

  • Rolls-Royce,
  • EasyJet,
  • Uniper Technologies,
  • Senior Consultant,
  • RMC,
  • EASA.

Course details

The course consists of approximately eight to twelve taught modules and an individual research project. The taught programme consists of eight compulsory modules and up to four optional modules. The modules are generally delivered from October to April.

Course delivery

Taught modules 50%, individual research project 50%

Individual project

You are required to submit a written thesis describing an individual research project carried out during the course. Many individual research projects have been carried out with industrial sponsorship, and have often resulted in publication in international journals and symposium papers. This thesis is examined orally in September in the presence of an external examiner. 

Previous individual research projects have included:

  • Performance and economic study on the viability of combined cycle floating power barge;
  • Risk-based maintenance for AZEP;
  • Implementation of the nutating disk engine in high bypass turbofan;
  • Load minimisation of tidal turbines;
  • Gas turbine airfleet maintenance case study;
  • Airfleet maintenance study;
  • Advanced bottoming cycle technology;
  • Cavitation simulation in centrifugal pump.

Modules

Keeping our courses up-to-date and current requires constant innovation and change. The modules we offer reflect the needs of business and industry and the research interests of our staff and, as a result, may change or be withdrawn due to research developments, legislation changes or for a variety of other reasons. Changes may also be designed to improve the student learning experience or to respond to feedback from students, external examiners, accreditation bodies and industrial advisory panels.

To give you a taster, we have listed the compulsory and elective (where applicable) modules which are currently affiliated with this course. All modules are indicative only, and may be subject to change for your year of entry.


Course modules

Compulsory modules
All the modules in the following list need to be taken as part of this course

Combustors

Aim
    To make Course Members familiar with design, operation, computation and performance criteria of gas turbine (GT) combustion and reheat systems and to explore issues related to gas turbine pollutant emissions.
Syllabus
    Introduction to GT combustor design considerations and sizing methodologies:
    Diffusion and pre-mixed flame characteristics; GT combustor design features and performance requirements; Design considerations and main functions of the primary, intermediate and dilution zones; Fundamental aspects of the ignition process; Sources of pressure loss; Performance criteria and requirements for pre-combustor diffusers; Faired and dump diffusers; Combustor sizing methodologies based on the pressure loss approach, combustor efficiency requirements and altitude relight requirements.

    Combustion efficiency:
    Definition of combustion efficiency and combustion efficiency requirements; Evaporation rate controlled systems – influence of fuel type, turbulence and pressure, drop size and residence time; Mixing rate controlled systems; Reaction rate controlled systems – derivation and significance of the “” parameter.

    Overview of GT generated pollutants:
    Products of combustion and their consequences; Mechanisms of formation of GT pollutants;

    Effects on the environment and/or human health; Overview of limitation strategies and associated challenges; Emissions legislation and targets.

    GT combustor heat transfer and cooling:
    Combustor buckling and cracking; Need for efficient methods of liner cooling; Heat transfer processes (Internal and external radiation, internal and external convection, conduction); Calculation of uncooled liner temperature; Effect of chamber variables on heat transfer terms, liner wall temperature and liner life; Film cooling techniques; Advanced wall cooling techniques; Combustor liner materials and thermal barrier coatings.

    GT fuels
    Appraise types and properties of fuels; Methodologies to calculate combustion temperatures for various fuel types, mixture strengths and pressures (both non-dissociated and dissociated).

    Computational methods for GT Combustors
    Requirements and capabilities of simple stirred-reactor and more advanced CFD models for predicting combustor performance and emissions

    Introduction to GT afterburners:
    Requirement and principle of afterburning; Effects of afterburning on engine performance; General arrangement, main components and design features of afterburners; Ignition methods for GT afterburners; Control requirements and methods for engines with afterburners; Considerations for selection of convergent and convergent-divergent nozzles..



Intended learning outcomes 1. Explain, evaluate and discuss the basic concepts and theories that underpin the design of gas turbine combustors.
2. Describe the purpose and operation of the 3 zones within a gas turbine combustor.
3. Evaluate the influence of combustor design choices on overall gas turbine engine configuration.
4. Employ a combustor sizing methodology to determine the dimensions, efficiency and operational requirements of a gas turbine combustor
5. Explain and evaluate the main factors that influence combustion efficiency.
6. Explain the mechanism of the formation of gas turbine pollutants.
7. Evaluate the major technologies employed to reduce gas turbine pollutants.
8. Discuss effects of emission legislation on present and future design of gas turbine engines
9. Apply heat transfer techniques to the calculation of gas turbine combustor liner temperature.
10. Assess the effect of materials, advanced cooling methods and thermal barrier coatings on the life of a gas turbine combustor liner.
11. Describe the properties, advantages and disadvantages of the fuels available for gas turbine engines.
12. Employ methodologies to calculate combustion temperatures for various fuel types, mixture strengths and pressures.
13. Explain the thermodynamic principles that underpin afterburning with both convergent and convergent-divergent nozzles.
14. Evaluate the effect of afterburning on the performance of a gas turbine engine.
15. Describe the purpose, operation and control of the main features of a gas turbine afterburner.
16. Describe the methods of ignition of a gas turbine afterburner.
17. Distinguish between simple and more advanced computational methods for combustor performance prediction in terms of modelling and capabilities.
18. Explain the requirement for ethical and professional conduct in the use of data and in the presentation of results and calculations

Engine Systems

Module Leader
  • Dr Yiguang Li
Aim
    To familiarise course members with engine systems or engine designs for stationary and aero gas turbines.
Syllabus
    Systems Symposium Topics
    Assessments of engine systems and auxiliaries for both aero and stationary gas turbines are addressed by means of a 'Systems Symposium', run by the MSc class. Topics covered by the systems symposium include: intake systems for aero engines and industrial gas turbines; anti-icing systems for aeroengines and industrial gas turbines; start systems for aeroengines and industrial gas turbines; start sequences for industrial gas turbines; compressor bleed and variable guide vanes; variable geometry nozzle guide vanes; gas path sealing of aero gas turbines; noise control of gas turbines; air filtration for industrial gas turbines; compressor and turbine cleaning systems; full authority and other electronic control systems; key gas turbine component design technologies, etc. Topics may also cover design technologies of gas turbine engines and their components, different families of engine products of major gas turbine manufacturers in different countries, comparison of competitive engines, etc.
    The objective is to undertake an evaluation of a specified aspect of gas turbine engineering, to make a presentation and to provide a technical review paper or design and assessment on the particular subject.
    Another aspect of the module is that the presentations are made in a conference format which requires the MSc students to work together to plan, organise and execute the events.

    Outline syllabus for a few sample individual topics:
    • Ignition system: Requirements and problems of altitude relight. Types of system -booster coils, high frequency, high energy and their applications.
    • Starting Systems: Electrical systems - low and high voltage, turbine systems- cartridge, iso-propyl nitrate, fuel-air, gas turbine, low pressure air and hydraulic systems and their applications.
    • Air systems: requirements, methods of cooling, pressure balancing of end loads, sealing, and applications.
    • Preliminary design of axial high pressure compressor: requirements, design criteria, preliminary design, analysis of design results, etc.
    • CFM56 engines: development history, OEM, product dexcription, key technologies, future development, etc.

Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Undertake an independent learning task to examine, evaluate and summarise, from a range of sources, the main technologies of a key aspect of gas turbine engineering
2. Based on the evaluation of the specific topic, make an assessment of the current state of the art and to identify future requirements, applications or technologies.
3. Present the outcomes of the review, evaluation and future expectation material in the form of a written conference style paper and presentation.
4. Act as a team member/leader to plan and organise a Gas Turbine Systems Symposium on the basis of a scientific conference.
5. Participate in the development of a business/management plan to market and present the Engine Systems Symposium to the wider gas turbine community with the objective of encouraging the attendance of external agencies.

Management for Technology

Aim

    The importance of technology leadership in driving the technical aspects of an organisations products, innovation, programmes, operations and strategy is paramount, especially in today’s turbulent commercial environment with its unprecedented pace of technological development. As demand for ever more complex products and services has become the norm, one of the challenges for today’s manager is to deal with uncertainty, to allow technological innovation and change to flourish, whilst also remaining within planned parameters of performance. This module helps to develop your understanding of management processes within an organisational context, so that when you seek employment you are equipped with both the extensive subject/discipline knowledge and the ability to relate it to a management context.

Syllabus
    • Engineers and Technologists in organisations: The role of organisations and the challenges facing engineers and technologies.
    • People management: Understanding you. Understanding other people. Working in teams. Dealing with conflicts.
    • The Business Environment: Understanding the business environment; identifying key trends and their implications for the organisation.
    • Strategy and Marketing: Developing effective strategies; Focusing on the customer; building competitive advantage; The role of strategic assets.
    • Finance: Profit and loss accounts. Balance sheets. Cash flow forecasting.Project appraisal.
    • New product development: Commercialising technology. Market drivers. Time to market. Focusing technology. Concerns.
    • Business game: Working in teams (companies), students will set up and run a technology company and make decisions on investment, R&D funding, operations, marketing and sales strategy.
    • Negotiation: Preparation for Negotiations. Negotiation process. Win-Win solutions.
    • Presentation skills: Understanding your audience. Focusing your message. Successful presentations. Getting your message across.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Recognise the importance of teamwork in the performance and success of organisations with particular reference to commercialising technological innovation.
  • Operate as an effective team member, recognising the contribution of individuals within the team, and capable of developing team working skills in yourself and others to improve the overall performance of a team.
  • Compare and evaluate the impact of the key functional areas (strategy, marketing and finance) on the commercial performance of an organisation, relevant to the manufacture of a product or provision of a technical service.
  • Design and deliver an effective presentation that justifies and supports any decisions or recommendations made
  • Argue and defend your judgements through constructive communication and negotiating skills.


Mechanical Design of Turbomachinery

Module Leader
  • Dr Panagiotis Laskaridis
Aim

    To familiarise course members with the common problems associated with the mechanical design and the lifing of the major rotating components of the gas turbine engine.


Syllabus
    Loads/forces/stresses in gas turbine engines: The origin of loads/forces/stresses in a gas turbine engine such as loads associated with: rotational inertia, flight, precession of shafts, pressure gradient, torsion, seizure, blade release, engine mountings within the airframe and bearings. Discussion of major loadings associated with the rotating components and those within the pressure casing including components subject to heating.


    Failure criteria: Monotonic failure criteria: proof, ultimate strength of materials. Theories of failure applied to bi-axial loads. Other failure mechanisms associated with gas turbine engines including creep and fatigue. Fatigue properties including SN and RM diagrams, the effect of stress concentration, mean stress etc. Cumulative fatigue, the double Goodman diagram technique to calculate the fatigue safety factor of gas turbine components. Methods of calculating the creep life of a component using the Larson-Miller Time-Temperature parameter.

    Applications: The design of discs and blades. Illustration of the magnitude of stresses in conventional axial flow blades by means of a simple desk-top method to include the effects of leaning the blade. The stressing of axial flow discs by means of a discretised hand calculation which illustrates the distribution and relative magnitude of the working stresses within a disc. The design of flanges and bolted structures. Leakage through a flanged joint and failure from fatigue.

    Blade vibration: Resonances. Desk top techniques for calculating the low order natural frequencies of turbomachine blades. Allowances for the effects of blade twist and centrifugal stiffening. Sources of blade excitation including stationary flow disturbance, rotating stall and flutter. Derivation of the Campbell diagram from which troublesome resonances may be identified. Allowances for temperature, pre-twist and centrifugal stiffening. Methods for dealing with resonances.

    Turbomachine rotordynamics: Estimation of the critical speeds of shafts using the Rayleigh-Ritz and Dunkerley’s methods and their relevance to gas turbine engines.


Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe and distinguish the design requirements and loads encountered by gas turbine components during normal operation.
2. Analyse, evaluate and assess the loads, stresses and failure criteria associated with the major gas turbine components.
3. Employ standard creep failure methodologies to assess the creep life of a gas turbine component subject to a complex operating profile.
4. Estimate the fatigue factor of safety in the design of components (such as gas turbine blades and shafts) which are subject to stresses from rotation and vibration using ‘double Goodman’ diagrams.
5. Employ desk-top methods to evaluate the stress distributions in gas turbine blades, discs and bolted flanges.
6. Employ desk-top methods to estimate the 1F/2F and 1T cold static vibration frequencies of gas turbine compressor and turbine blades.
7. Apply corrections to the cold-static vibration frequencies of gas turbine blades to allow for the effects of rotation, twist and temperature and display these on a Campbell diagram for the operating range of the engine.
8. Identify potentially harmful vibration frequencies from a Campbell diagram and suggest ways of ameliorating any problems.
9. Estimate the critical speeds of shafts using the Rayleigh-Ritz and Dunkerley methods illustrate these on an appropriate Campbell diagram.
10. Identify any problems arising from the analysis of a Campbell diagram for critical speeds and suggest possible remedies.
11. Evaluate the effect on the critical speed of shafts introducing flexibility into gas turbine bearings and identify any advantages/disadvantages.
12. Explain the requirement for ethical and professional conduct in the use of data and in the presentation of results and calculations.


Gas Turbine Operations and Rotating Machines

Module Leader
  • Dr Uyioghosa Igie
Aim
    To familiarise the course member with various operations of gas turbines and other driven rotating machines.


Syllabus
    Gas Turbine Operations :
    • An overview of the different operational regimes for gas turbine application. This explores base load, peak load, standby and backup operations, alongside their individual operational requirements. It also include engine control modes such as operating at approximately constant exhaust gas temperature and load following mode. Analysis of gas turbine performance and health using machine sensor data from actual operation is also a key part. This part also highlights the use and impact of ancillary equipment (air filtration and compressor washing systems) in improving the performance and extending the operating hours of gas turbine machines.

    Steam Turbines:
    • Steam turbine fundamentals, applications and selection. This includes an overview of steam turbine plants operating on fossil fuel (combined cycle gas turbines) and nuclear energy. It also covers aspects of heat recovery systems, condensers, pumps and other auxiliary equipment.

    Diesel Engines for Heat and Power:
    • Diesel engine fundamentals; theory and principles. This includes 2-stroke (crosshead engine) and 4-stroke (trunk piston) types, their installation and operations. Utilisation of diesel engine waste heat recovery for district heating hot water systems, cooling systems using chiller and fresh water generation are the common applications explored. Diesel engine fuels and the means of controlling exhaust emissions is included.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Differentiate the operational regimes and requirements related to different gas turbine applications.
2. Evaluate gas turbine performance using machine data from actual operations.
3. Assess engine performance deterioration, as well as propose improved approaches in enhancing performance during operation.
4. Identify components and parameters related to steam turbine theory, performance and operation.
5. Differentiate and assess the applications of steam turbines.
6. Calculate diesel engine performance parameters, differentiate between 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines and differentiate operational requirements for these applications.
7. Differentiate and assess the applications of diesel engines for heat and power.
8. Evaluate the approaches to reducing and controlling harmful exhaust emissions in diesel engines.

Turbomachinery and Blade Cooling

Module Leader
  • Dr Pavlos Zachos
Aim
    To familiarise Course Members with compressor and turbine aerodynamic design and performance by instruction, investigation and example. To introduce course members to the technology of gas turbine blade cooling through analytical and practical approaches of heat transfer principles, convection cooling, impingement film transpiration cooling and liquid cooling.
Syllabus

    Thermofluids: Introduction to aerodynamics, thermofluids, and compressible flows.

    Compressor Design and Performance

    Overall performance:       

    Fundamentals of axial flow compressors.  Overall performance, achievable pressure ratio and efficiency. The effect of Reynolds number,                            Mach number, and incidence. Definition of isentropic and polytropic efficiency, effect of pressure ratio, performance at constant speed, surge and surge margin definitions, running line, choking effects.

    The axial compressor stage: Stage loading and flow parameters, limitation in design on pitch line basis. Definition and choice of reaction at design, effect on stage efficiency. Loss sources in turbomachines and loss estimation methods. The ideal and real stage characteristic, stall and choke. The free vortex solution, limitations due to hub/tip ratio. Off-design performance Choice of overall annulus geometry, axial spacing, aspect ratio, limitations of rear hub/tip ratio. Compressor blading: selection of blade numbers, aspect ratio and basic blade profiling.

    Compressor Design Example: Multi-stage compressor design example carried out for a HPC.

     

    Turbine Design and Performance

    Overall performance: the expansion process and characteristics, annulus layout and design choices, choice of stage loading and flow coefficient, engine overall performance requirements, overall annulus geometry and layout; rising line, constant mean diameter and falling line.

    The axial turbine stage: Aerodynamic concepts and parameters, velocity triangles, reaction, stage loading, flow coefficients. The ideal and real characteristic. Design  for maximum power: effect of choking and change of inlet temperature and pressure.  Stage efficiency, overtip leakage, profile losses, correlations. Three-dimensional design aspects. Radial equilibrium and secondary flows.

    Turbine blading: choice of base profile, blade numbers and aspect ratio. Zweiffel's and alternative lift coefficients.

    Turbine Design Example: An aerodynamic design example is carried out for a HPT Heat Transfer Principles: Brief review of heat transfer principles and physical significance of non-dimensional groupings. Conditions around blades, boundary layers, external heat transfer coefficient distribution, effect of turbulence. Root cooled blades and NGVs, analytical and numerical methods of determining spanwise temperature distribution. Fibre strengthened and nickel base alloys.

    Need for high turbine entry temperature: effect on engine performance.

    Development of materials, manufacturing processes and cooling systems.

    Convection Cooling: Convectively cooled aerofoils: analytical approach for metal and cooling air spanwise temperature distribution. Cooling passage geometry and heat transfer characteristics. Cooling efficiency, cooling effectiveness and mass flow function: application at project design stage for determining metal and cooling air temperatures. Methods for optimising cooling system design: secondary surfaces and multipass. Internal temperature distribution of cooled aerofoils: calculations, comparisons with experimental results.

    Impingement, Film and Transpiration Cooling: Principles steady state and transient performance, characteristics, advantages, limitations, comparison with convection cooling. Cooling air feed and discharge systems. Integration of cooled turbine with aerodynamic performance and main engine design. Co-ordination of design responsibilities. Example of cooled turbine stage design.

    Liquid Cooling: Liquid cooling: principles, advantages and limitations, practical examples.


Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

1. Identify and analyse the design and performance characteristics of turbomachinery components;
2. For given inlet conditions and requirements, determine the aerodynamic performance characteristics of a turbomachine and comment on the feasibility of the design;
3. Differentiate the design choices for axial compressors and turbines;
4. Construct an assessment of the aspects which affect the design and performance of axial turbomachines;
5. Construct formulations and critical evaluations of underpinning turbo-machinery theories;
6. Explain the requirement for ethical and professional conduct in the use of data and in the presentation of results and calculations.
7. Apply the concepts and theories of heat transfer and different cooling technologies to the cooling of turbine blades to produce a realistic assessment of their cooling requirements.
8. Explaining the major differences between the various heat transfer and cooling configurations used in cooled turbine blades.


Gas Turbine Performance Simulation and Diagnostics

Module Leader
  • Professor Pericles Pilidis
Aim
    To inform course members of the different types of gas turbine; their applications, design and transient performance.
    To provide course members with the ability to undertake gas turbine component performance calculations, diagnostics and to perform evaluations of gas turbine performance and deterioration.


Syllabus
    Gas Turbine Types and Applications
    Effect of design pressure ratio and turbine temperature on the basic gas turbine cycle. Modifications of the basic cycle, compounding, intercooling, reheating, heat exchange, bypass and fan cycles. Simulation of the above.

    Performance and Simulation
    Design point performance of turbojet and turboshaft cycles, effect of bypass ratio. Off design performance, effect of ambient temperature, altitude, throttle setting and flight speed. Non-dimensional representation. Gas turbine simulation. Effects of bleeds and power offtakes. Compressor turbine matching. Gas turbine degradation. Simulation and diagnostics of the above. Component maps. Surge alleviation, performance improvements, steady state and transient performance. Off-design performance calculations and iteration techniques Accelerations, decelerations, effects on surge margin. Transients of single shaft and multi-shaft engines. Transient performance simulation. Effects of heat transfer on transient performance.
    Software used for gas turbine performance simulation: TURBOMATCH

    Diagnostics and Monitoring.
    Description of gas turbine performance degradation and faults.
    Description of most commonly used gas turbine condition monitoring techniques.
    Software used for diagnostics: PYTHIA


Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe the systems and calculate the performance in terms of power, thrust and specific fuel consumption of various types of gas turbine engines;
2. Assess the results from quantitative evaluations of gas turbine designs to determine appropriate power or propulsion systems for particular applications;
3. Describe and demonstrate iterative methods for the matching of compression and expansion components in engines to produce off-design points on the engine running line;
4. Employ and compare the methods of constant mass flow and inter-component volumes to assess the transient behaviour of gas turbine engines;
5. Through quantitative evaluations, and with supporting discursive descriptions, demonstrate a working knowledge of how thermodynamic laws underpin a wide range of gas turbine engines;
6. Assess the influence of ambient conditions and throttle setting on gas turbine performance;
7. Assess the impact of different degradation and faults on gas turbine performance;
8. Employ computer based gas turbine models to estimate performance at on-design and off-design conditions;
9. Employ computer based diagnostic analysis tools to detect gas turbine faults;
10. Explain the requirement for ethical and professional conduct in the use of data and in the presentation of results and calculations.


Teaching team

You will be taught by experienced academic staff at Cranfield with many years of industrial experience. Our teaching team are active researchers as well as tutors and have extensive experience of gas turbine design, in both industrial and research and development environments. Continuing close collaboration with major engine manufacturers in both the UK and overseas, through teaching and research, ensures that this course maintains the relevance and professionalism for which it is internationally renowned. Knowledge gained working with our clients is continually fed back into the teaching programme, to ensure that you benefit from the very latest knowledge and techniques affecting industry. The course also includes visiting lecturers from industry who will relate the theory to current best practice.

Accreditation

Re-accreditation for the MSc in Thermal Power is currently being sought with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE), and the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS) on behalf of the Engineering Council as meeting the requirements for Further Learning for registration as a Chartered Engineer. Candidates must hold a CEng accredited BEng/BSc (Hons) undergraduate first degree to comply with full CEng registration requirements.

Your career

Over 90% of the graduates of the course have found employment within the first year of course completion. Many of our graduates are employed in the following industries:

  • Gas turbine engine manufacturers,
  • Airframe manufacturers,
  • Airline operators,
  • Regulatory bodies,
  • Aerospace/energy consultancies,
  • Power production industries,
  • Academia: doctoral studies.

How to apply

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at this time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.