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Welding is integral to the manufacture of a wide-range of products. This course provides the practical and theoretical knowledge required to become a welding engineer and a materials and joining specialist. The course covers modern welding techniques, automation, metallurgy, materials science, welding processes, weld design, and quality.


  • Start dateFull-time: October, part-time: throughout the year
  • DurationOne year full-time, two-five years part-time
  • DeliveryTaught modules 40%, Group projects 20%, Individual project 40%
  • QualificationMSc, PgDip, PgCert
  • Study typeFull-time / Part-time
  • CampusCranfield campus

Who is it for?

This course will provide you with a fundamental understanding of welding technologies and an awareness of recent technical developments within the relevant industries. It will also improve your communication, presentation, analytical and problem solving skills. Our graduates are highly sought after by international companies using welding and joining technologies, and are able to attain positions of significant engineering responsibility.

In addition, you will be qualified to act as responsible persons as defined by European and international quality standards, and will have met a major part of the requirements for membership of the appropriate professional organisations with knowledge, skills and experience of managing research and development projects.

Why this course?

Welding is integral to the manufacture of a wide-range of products, from high power laser welding of large ships, to micro-joining of thin wires. Joining technologies continue to expand; and are used in the oil and gas; automotive; aerospace, nuclear, shipbuilding, and defense industries. Furthermore many of the student projects involve Wire + Arc Additive Manufacture which is a technology where Cranfield University is a world leader. All our projects are industrially linked and usually involve a new development never before undertaken. You will have the opportunity to be supervised by a world leading academic in this area.

There are numerous benefits associated with undertaking a postgraduate programme of study at Cranfield University, including:

  • Study in a postgraduate-only environment where Masters' graduates can secure positions in full-time employment in their chosen field, or undertake academic research
  • Teaching by leading academics as well as industrial practitioners
  • Work alongside a strong research team
  • Dedicated support for off-campus learners including extensive information resources managed by Cranfield University's library
  • Consultancy to companies supporting their employees on part-time programmes, in relation to individual projects.

Informed by Industry

Some organisations that we regularly work with and can be mentioned are:

  • Airbus
  • BAE Systems
  • FMC Technip
  • GE
  • Bombardier

Course details

The course comprises seven assessed modules, a group project and an individual research project. The modules include lectures and tutorials, and are assessed through practical work, written examinations, case studies, essays, presentations and tests. These provide the 'tools' required for the group and individual projects.

Course delivery

Taught modules 40%, Group projects 20%, Individual project 40%

Group project

The group project experience is highly valued by both students and prospective employers. Teams of students work to solve an industrial problem. The project applies technical knowledge and provides training in teamwork and the opportunity to develop non-technical aspects of the taught programme. Part-time students can prepare a dissertation on an agreed topic in place of the group project.

Industrially orientated, our team projects have support from external organisations. As a result of external engagement Cranfield students enjoy a higher degree of success when it comes to securing employment. Prospective employers value the student experience where team working to find solutions to industrially based problems are concerned.

Individual project

This provides experience of undertaking research into a specific welding or Wire + Arc Additive Manufacture (WAAM) topic that is of interest and benefit to industry. For full-time students the project is performed using our state-of-the-art welding and WAAM equipment in the Welding Engineering and Laser Processing Centre. In some cases, it may be possible to undertake the research project with an industry sponsor at their premises. For part-time students, the research project is usually performed at their employer's premises.


Keeping our courses up-to-date and current requires constant innovation and change. The modules we offer reflect the needs of business and industry and the research interests of our staff and, as a result, may change or be withdrawn due to research developments, legislation changes or for a variety of other reasons. Changes may also be designed to improve the student learning experience or to respond to feedback from students, external examiners, accreditation bodies and industrial advisory panels.

To give you a taster, we have listed the compulsory and elective (where applicable) modules which are currently affiliated with this course. All modules are indicative only, and may be subject to change for your year of entry.

Course modules

Compulsory modules
All the modules in the following list need to be taken as part of this course.


Module Leader
  • Dr Sue Impey

    To familiarise students with the Cranfield University environment and procedures, meet fellow students and staff. To develop personal skills in management and team working. To provide an introduction to the materials courses and introduce key skills required to undertake research.

    • Overview of the programme and course, technical writing and communication presentations, environmental issues. Learning styles, group and team working and self-study.
    • Introduction to engineering materials and research techniques,
    • Introduction to computing and library facilities, health, safety and environment.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe research techniques suitable for engineering materials.
2. State the course aims and its teaching methods.
3. Identify any gaps in their basic knowledge relevant to personal development.
4. Use the university’s library and computer systems.
5. Demonstrate personal skills required for safe individual and team working.

Welding Processes and Equipment

    The aim of this module is to provide the student with a description of the physical principles, operating characteristics and practical applications of a variety of welding processes to enable selection of a suitable process for a particular application.
    • TIG welding
    • Plasma arc welding
    • Metal transfer in consumable electrode processes
    • Metal Inert Gas (MIG) / Metal Active Gas (MAG)
    • Manual metal arc welding
    • Flux cored arc welding
    • Submerged arc welding
    • Power source design and principles.
    • Thermal cutting and other edge preparation processes
    • Brazing
    • Preheating
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
  • Appraise a variety of arc and non-arc welding processes
  • Select and compare different processes for a particular application
  • Diagnose faults in these processes
  • Relate the safety issues associated with each process and propose appropriate control measures.

Welding Systems and Research Methods


    This module will enable students to gain an understanding of the physical principles and operating characteristics of selected welding processes, and of automated welding and welding sensors. The module is also intended to develop students’ skills in communication, project management, and research methods.

    • Fundamentals of welding automation
    • Welding sensors and data acquisition
    • Welding process optimisation
    • Principles of robotic welding
    • Welding software
    • Critical evaluation of literature
    • Design and analysis of experiments
    • Evaluation and industrial implementation of research data
    • Welding laboratory
    • Economics of weld fabrication
    • Plant facilities, welding jigs and fixtures
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Appraise the different methods for sensing a weld seam and the different robotic welding systems.
2. Evaluate and assess academic literature to construct a critical literature review.
3. Design a programme of experiments for performing a fillet weld to test the effect of the main input parameters.
4. Analyse data produced from these experiments so that the relationship between process inputs and outputs is understood.
5. Design a robotic welding cell that includes fixturing and sensing of the part, equipment for loading and unloading, labour requirements and an estimation of the time to manufacture.
6. Calculate the cost of a typical robotic welding operation including labour costs, overhead costs, and consumable costs. Compare this with the cost of manually welding the part and determine the return on investment.
7. Design a factory layout that incorporates the material cutting operations, the robot cell and the finishing operations for the part.
8. Construct a project plan for the installation of the robotic system.

Design of Welded Structures


    The aim of this module is to provide the student with an understanding of the fundamentals of strength of materials and its application to weldments, and to appreciate the factors involved in design and performance of welded structures.

    • Fundamentals of strength of materials
    • Basics of weld design
    • Design principles of welded structures
    • Economic weld design and selection of joint preparation
    • Joint design – tolerances, welding symbols and standards
    • Residual Stress and Distortion
    • Design of welded structures – static loading
    • Design for thermodynamic loading – pressure vessels
    • Fundamentals of fracture mechanics
    • Fitness-for-purpose for fracture
    • Fundamentals of fatigue and fracture
    •  Design for dynamic loading
    • Design of lightweight structures – aluminium and its alloys
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
  • Understand the fundamentals of strength of materials
  • Understand basic weld design principles
  • Apply welding symbols on drawings
  • Select the most appropriate edge preparation to enable the weld to be manufactured economically.
  • Describe the factors that affect weld cost.
  • Design joints that minimise the effects of residual stress and distortion.
  • Understand the different types of loading which welded structures are subjected to.
  • Analyse the behaviour of structures under static loading
  • Analyse the behaviour of welded components under dynamic loading
  • Understand the principles of fracture mechanics, and its application of welded structures.

Welding Metallurgy

Module Leader
  • Dr Supriyo Ganguly

    The aim of this module is to provide the student with an understanding of the microstructures and metallurgical characteristics of welded joints in ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, formation of weld defects and how the metal and heat source interaction affects microstructure and strengthening behaviour of different alloys.

    Within this module the factors which lead to weld defects are explained alongside joining and repair of ferrous and non-ferrous cast alloys, repair and cladding of structures subjected to wear and joining of coated steel.

    • Principles of metallographic examinations
    • Welding of Stainless Steels
    • Joining materials for low and high temperature applications
    • Welding of aluminium, copper, and other non-ferrous alloys
    • Joining of coated steels
    • Welding of castings – cast steel and cast iron
    • Joining of dissimilar metals
    • Wear and Protective Layers
    • Fundamentals of corrosion
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe the evolution of microstructure and principles of formation of metallurgical phases due to welding of a wide range of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.
2. Describe the metallurgical characteristics of a wide range of non-ferrous alloys and techniques and processes suitable for welding of them.
3. Describe the principles of welding of cast stainless steel, cast iron and cast steel structures.
4. Apply physical metallurgy principles to explain the response of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys to welding and how to take necessary precautions during welding to avoid formation of unwanted phases.
5. Explain the causes of defects in welds and how they can be avoided.
6. Recommend procedures and methods necessary to prevent formation of undesirable phases and weld defects for dissimilar metallic alloys.
7. Describe the physical principles and types of wear and how cladding and other surface coating processes can be a useful tool to retard wear.
8. Describe the joining principles of cladded structures.
9. Describe the principles of metal corrosion.

Introduction to Materials for Welding Engineering

Module Leader
  • Dr Supriyo Ganguly

    The aim of this module is to enable the student to understand the structure and properties of materials, to understand how fabrication processes affect structure and properties, and how this determines materials properties, and to apply this knowledge to materials in applications.

    • Introduction to materials: Atomic structure, crystal structure, imperfections, diffusion, mechanical properties, dislocations and strengthening mechanisms, phase diagrams, phase transformations, solidification, corrosion.
    • Basic and alloy steels, tensile behaviour of metals, work and precipitation hardening, recovery and recrystallisation.
    • Structural steels - C-Mn ferrite-pearlite structural steels, specifications and influence of composition, heat treatment and microstructure on mechanical properties. Fracture, weldability and the influence of welding on mechanical properties.
    • Corrosion Resistant Materials - Stainless steels - austenitic, ferritic, martensitic and duplex stainless steels- compositions, microstructures, properties.
    • Welding and joining processes, weld metal, heat affected zones and weld cracking.
    • Non-metallic Materials - Polymers and composites manufacturing issues, physical properties and mechanical behaviour. Structure and properties and applications of ceramics. Principles underlying electrical and magnetic properties of materials.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Understand the basic principles of material structures on a micro and macro scale, and be able to relate microstructure to mechanical performance.
2. Explain how the chemical composition, microstructure and processing route for steels and non-ferrous alloys influence the resulting mechanical properties.
3. Identify and apply methodologies for the selection of specific materials (steels, stainless steels, polymers, composites, and corrosion resistant alloys) for different applications.
4. Be able to relate fracture, corrosion and welding behaviour to particular alloys.
5. Be able to select appropriate manufacturing processes for composites and ceramics.
6. Be able to understand the response of structural steels to heat during fabrication and the resulting changes in metallurgical structure and mechanical property.

Management of Weld Quality


    The aim of this module is to provide the student with an understanding of the fundamentals of quality management related to welding fabrication, including quality systems and non-destructive examination, and to provide the student with the knowledge to manage health and safety in welding.

    • Overview of Standards – ISO EN BS AWS ASME
    • Introduction to quality assurance
    • Weld quality standards – IS0 9000 and ISO 3834
    • Quality control during manufacture – weld procedure specification and qualification
    • Welder qualification
    • Introduction to Non-destructive examination (NDE) and types of weld imperfections
    • Fundamentals of NDE methods (dye penetrant, magnetic particle, eddy current, acoustic emission, radiographic inspection)
    • Ultrasonic Inspection
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Understand the principles of quality management.
2. Understand the relationship between standards, and use standards to achieve required weld quality.
3. Specify, qualify and operate weld procedures to appropriate standards.
4. Identify appropriate NDE techniques for welded fabrications, and have a basic understanding of interpretation of NDE examinations.
5. Manage workplace practices to ensure adequate health and safety.

Advanced Welding Processes

Module Leader
  • Dr Wojciech Suder
    The aim of this module is to provide the student with an understanding of the principles behind the most recent developments in welding processes. There is a strong emphasis on laser welding, as well as recent developments in arc, friction and resistance welding. The module will cover the operating principles, characteristics and practical applications of each process.
    • Fundamentals of lasers, optics and fibre optics
    • Laser welding including micro-welding and hybrid processes
    • Laser material interactions
    • Laser sources, optics and fibre optics
    • Advanced arc welding processes
    • Solid state welding processes
    • Friction welding
    • Additive manufacture
    • Advanced resistance welding
    • Dissimilar material welding
    • Repair welding
    • Weld metal engineering
    • Electron beam welding
    • Process monitoring
    • Other laser processes
    • Material characteristics and response to laser
    • Weld metal engineering
    • Laser safety
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

1. Illustrate and describe physical principles behind the operation of these processes.
2. Select the most appropriate welding system for a particular application and analyse the economic benefits.
3. Describe physical and engineering principles behind selective applications for welding processes and critique methods for maximising process efficiency.
4. Appraise recent developments in welding technology and identify where these new processes can be used.

Teaching team

The Course Director for this programme is Dr Supriyo Ganguly and the Admissions Tutor for this programme is Dr Iva Chianella.


Re-accreditation for the MSc in Welding Engineering is currently being sought with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE), the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS), The Welding Institute (TWI), Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (IOM3) and Institution of Engineering & Technology (IET) on behalf of the Engineering Council as meeting the requirements for Further Learning for registration as a Chartered Engineer.  Candidates must hold a CEng accredited BEng/BSc (Hons) undergraduate first degree to comply with full CEng registration requirements.

Please note accreditation applies to the MSc award. PgDip and PgCert do not meet in full the further learning requirements for registration as a Chartered Engineer.

Your career

Successful students develop diverse and rewarding careers in engineering management in a wide-range of organisations deploying welding technologies. Roles include the management of welding manufacturing operations, and management of design and fabrication of welded structures. The international nature of such activities means that career opportunities are not restricted to the UK. Cranfield graduates develop careers around the world in oil and gas, automotive, and aerospace sectors.

Cranfield Careers Service

Cranfield’s Career Service is dedicated to helping you meet your career aspirations. You will have access to career coaching and advice, CV development, interview practice, access to hundreds of available jobs via our Symplicity platform and opportunities to meet recruiting employers at our careers fairs. Our strong reputation and links with potential employers provide you with outstanding opportunities to secure interesting jobs and develop successful careers. We will support you in the job application process for up to three years after graduation.

How to apply

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at this time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.