Study a Water MSc at Cranfield

Water is under increasing pressure from demographic and climatic changes. Water engineering and treatment processes play a key role in delivering safe, reliable supplies of water to households, industry and agriculture, and in safeguarding the quality of water. This course equips graduates with the skills to solve practical problems, communicate effectively and work successfully making them highly sought after by industry and government.

Overview

  • Start dateFull-time: October. Part-time: October
  • DurationOne year full-time, two-three years part-time
  • DeliveryTaught modules 40%, Group projects 20%, Individual project 40%
  • QualificationMSc, PgDip, PgCert
  • Study typeFull-time / Part-time
  • CampusCranfield campus

Who is it for?

The Water and Wastewater Engineering course is ideal for individuals who want to make a real difference to delivering reliable water supplies, or to maintaining and enhancing river and ground water quality.

Well-educated, skilled and experienced graduates are required to operate and manage vital water and wastewater treatment services. The demand for such graduates is already high and will only increase over coming years as environmental standards for water quality increase, and pressures on our water supplies continue to grow.

8 Reasons to study Water at Cranfield

Your career

Ranj Rihal from Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies at Cranfield Careers fair.

The Cranfield Water Science Institute links to industry, underpinned by the reputation of its courses, to enable successful students to secure positions and develop their careers in UK water companies, utilities across Europe, the major international engineering consultancies, major engineering and service contractors, and government agencies.  

The Centre is recognised internationally as a centre of excellence for postgraduate courses. It is the UK's largest academic group specialising in process technologies, engineering and policy for water quality improvement, and is a member of British Water.

Industry practitioners teach alongside a wide-range of subject specialists. In addition, group and individual thesis projects are supported by sponsoring companies, and prizes are awarded annually to recognise success. Graduates also go on to academic research.

Former students are invited to join the Centre's Alumni Association which offers excellent networking opportunities throughout the world.

Cranfield Careers Service
Our Careers Service can help you find the job you want after leaving Cranfield. We will work with you to identify suitable opportunities and support you in the job application process for up to three years after graduation.We have been providing Masters level training for over 20 years. Our strong reputation and links with potential employers provide you with outstanding opportunities to secure interesting jobs and develop successful careers. The increasing interest in sustainability and corporate and social responsibility has also enhanced the career prospects of our graduates.

Learn about career opportunities with a postgraduate degree in water.

Why this course?

Hear from Aphiwe Jikazana, she studied the Water and Wastewater MSc and continued on to her PhD at Cranfield.

The Water and Wastewater Engineering course aims to develop: 

  • Water and wastewater treatment scientists, technologists and engineers with the skills to solve practical problems, communicate effectively and work successfully both in teams and individually
  • High quality graduates trained and qualified to work in all areas of water and wastewater treatment and management enabling them to provide a valuable contribution to the UK and global water sectors
  • Understanding of water and wastewater systems through innovative teaching, achieved by blending theory, application and practice.

Demand for Cranfield graduates has grown steadily as the education provided has become recognised as excellent, producing graduates able to step into a range of positions and make an immediate and real contribution to the effectiveness of water sector businesses and organisations. Graduates from these programmes are highly sought after by industry and government.

Aphiwe Jikazana

The best thing about being a Cranfield student is exposure, no doubt about it. It's exposure to the most brilliant minds, leading people in the industry and state-of-the-art facilities.


Aphiwe Jikazana, alumni

Informed by Industry

Our courses are designed to meet the training needs of industry and have a strong input from experts in their sector. These include: 

P A Consulting, Joint Research Centre Ispra, Adas, Cresswell Associates, Chartered Institute of Waste Management, Geospatial Insight, Oakdene Hollins, Chartered Institute of Water and Environment Management, Health Protection Agency, Highview Power Storage, Nomura Code Securities, Astrium Geo-information Services, Environment Agency, Landscape Science Consultancy, ERM, GIGL, WRG, WRc PLC, Enviros, Golder, Unilever, Neales Waste, Natural England, National Trust, Trucost, SLR Consulting, FWAG, RSPB.


Course details

This course comprises three taught modules, a group project and an individual project.  The modules included lectures and tutorials, and are assessed through practical work, written examinations, case studies, essays, presentations and tests.  These provide the 'tools' required for the group and individual projects.

Water course structure diagram

Course delivery

Taught modules 40%, Group projects 20%, Individual project 40%

Group project

The group project is an applied multidisciplinary team-based activity. It provides students with the opportunity, whilst working in teams under academic supervision, to apply principles taught during modules whilst taking responsibility for project tasks. Success is dependent on the integration of various activities, working within agreed objectives, deadlines and budgets. Students submit project reports and present their findings to representatives from industry. This develops professional practice in communication skills for technical and business areas of process development. Part-time students complete a single design project individually in a field of their choice.

Recent group projects include: 

Individual project

Students select their individual project in consultation with the thesis project coordinators. This provides students with the opportunity to demonstrate independent research ability working within agreed objectives, deadlines and budgets. The project is sponsored by industry and usually includes a four month placement with the sponsoring company. Placements have been offered by all ten of the UK water utilities, the leading two French utilities, as well as multinational companies and SMEs operating in the water sector. Part-time students usually undertake their individual project with their employer.

Modules

Keeping our courses up-to-date and current requires constant innovation and change. The modules we offer reflect the needs of business and industry and the research interests of our staff and, as a result, may change or be withdrawn due to research developments, legislation changes or for a variety of other reasons. Changes may also be designed to improve the student learning experience or to respond to feedback from students, external examiners, accreditation bodies and industrial advisory panels.

To give you a taster, we have listed the compulsory and elective (where applicable) modules which are currently affiliated with this course. All modules are indicative only, and may be subject to change for your year of entry.


Course modules

Compulsory modules
All the modules in the following list need to be taken as part of this course

Science and Engineering Principles in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Module Leader
  • Dr Marc Pidou
Aim

    As the first of the Water and Wastewater Engineering MSc course, this module provides a base of knowledge on which the subsequent modules will build by broadly covering the water industry, conventional unit operations employed and the basic scientific and engineering principles on which they are based, all essential knowledge for water and wastewater engineers. More specifically, as part of this module, the students will first acquire knowledge of the water industry, its structure and processes, relevant regulations and applicable process economics. Subsequently, the students will acquire general knowledge and understanding of the conventional water and wastewater treatment processes used in the industry, which will then all be covered in greater details in the following module. Finally, the student will learn about the basic scientific and engineering principles on which these treatment processes are based including water chemistry, hydraulics and pumping, mass balance, mass and heat transfers, reactor theory, chemical and biochemical kinetics.

    This module is 30 credits.

Syllabus
    • Classification, significance and concentration ranges of impurities in water and wastewater, including: suspended and dissolved solids, organic and inorganic compounds, trace contaminants and pathogens. 
    • Physical methods for removing particulates, including screening and grit removal, sedimentation and filtration.
    • Chemical dosing, including precipitation; coagulation and flocculation processes (including basic concepts from colloid science); disinfection and chemical oxidation.
    • Adsorption and ion exchange. 
    • Biological processes for wastewater treatment, both aerobic and anaerobic, including activated sludge, trickling filters and sludge digestion.
    • Process control systems and strategies.
    • Process economics
    • Water sector structure and legislation
    • Aqueous chemistry: moles and equivalents, solubility, the behaviour of acids and bases and the concept of pH, kinetics and equilibria.
    • Reactors – plug flow and continuous stirred tank;
    • Kinetics – chemical and biochemical;
    • Mass balances
    • Mass and heat transfers.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

  • Explain the basic principles of conventional water and wastewater treatment processes
  • Examine the nature of impurities in waters and wastewaters and select appropriate processes for their removal (design of flow sheets)
  • Explain and compare the structure and operation of the water sector in different contexts (UK and the rest of the world), including legislations
  • Apply economic costing to water and wastewater treatment systems
  • Apply relevant fundamental scientific and engineering principles (i.e. water chemistry, hydraulics and pumping, mass balance, mass and heat transfers, reactor theory, chemical and biochemical kinetics) to water and wastewater treatment processes.

Treatment Processes for Water and Wastewater

Module Leader
  • Dr Francis Hassard
Aim

    This module is intended to provide the attendants with the skills required to select, design and monitor water and wastewater processes in order to deliver safe drinking water or wastewater treated to the consents required to safeguard water body health. The students will gain an understanding of and implement the design principles, practice and operation of conventional and advanced chemical, physical and biological processes for water and wastewater treatment.

    This module is 30 credits.
Syllabus
    • Key principles of chemical, physical and biological processes relevant to the selection,  design, operation and fault diagnostics of treatment processes encountered in water and wastewater treatment
    • Coagulation science.
    • Adsorption of organics by activated carbon.
    • Ion exchange resins.
    • Disinfection principles and key issues: formation of by-products. 
    • Oxidation of trace: chlorine, ozone, hydrogen peroxide and other oxidants. 
    • UV irradiation
    • Screening designs
    • Clarification processes including sedimentation, high rate systems, dissolved air flotation and their applications.
    • Filtration design and practice including factors governing media selection and application in water and wastewater treatment.
    • Membrane processes including materials, configuration, design and operation of porous membrane systems.
    • Sludge properties and treatment by anaerobic digestion (design and operation) 
    • Principles and application of biofilm processes including RBCs, MBBR, IFAS and trickling filters.
    • Activated sludge principles, design and operation
    • Applications for extensive processes for wastewater treatment including reed beds. 
    • Advanced biological wastewater treatment including anaerobic wastewater treatment and application of biological processes for micropollutant removal
    • Biological nutrient removal.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

  • Identify the range of conventional and advanced chemical, physical and biological treatment processes for the treatment of water and wastewater 
  • Determine the factors influencing the selection, design and operation of conventional and innovative physical, chemical and biological processes. 
  • Select appropriate treatment processes for specific applications
  • Explain the underlying operating principles on which the treatment processes are based and be able to apply these principles to unit process design and operation 
  • Execute laboratory work linked to the practical application of chemical, physical and biological treatment processes in drinking water and wastewater treatment.

Water and Wastewater Assets: Lifecycles, Risks and Futures

Module Leader
  • Dr Jitka MacAdam
Aim

    This module builds on previously acquired knowledge of technological solutions used in water and wastewater treatment by introducing a holistic approach with the aim to tackle future challenges faced by the water sector. It will cover a range of topics encompassing  everything from the initial asset plans, understanding the risk to the assets and how are these risks changing and how do we address and manage these futures. The module is designed around the AMP cycle and includes topics broadly covering asset and risk management as well as future trends in the water sector. 

    This module is 20 credits.

Syllabus
    • AMP cycle
    • Asset characteristics, functions and design life
    • Pressures on asset integrity & design life
    • Concepts of performance, serviceability and asset deterioration
    • Failure modes and effects analysis
    • Building and managing efficient delivery of large programmes of repair, inspect, operating and maintenance tasks
    • Integrated asset management & Whole Life Asset Management
    • Risk based approaches to asset management
    • Drivers for risk management in the utility sector 
    • Corporate risk management 
    • Risk analysis tools and techniques
    • Operational risk management
    • Communicating risk, building stakeholder confidence
    • Risk governance in the utility sector
    • Futures/disruptive innovations
    • Opportunities for water reuse and resource recovery (nutrients and energy)
    • Economic regulation, historic approaches and future trends
    • Price review process
    • Project analysis, selection and approval process
    • Public engagement, including the role of the customer and affordability.


Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

  • Describe the functions and life-cycles of all physical assets within the water and wastewater sector, summarise and evaluate the influences on their lifetimes and reliability, and apply appropriate methods for condition assessment, maintenance scheduling and renewal planning
  • Identify and explain the significance of key trends and trajectories in the water and wastewater sector (e.g. stricter regulation, growing emphasis on reuse and resource recovery), and describe how they are influencing asset planning and development
  • Identify and explain the significance of strategic, tactical and operational risks in the water and wastewater sector, and describe how these risks are shifting in the face of identified trends and trajectories
  • Apply appropriate strategies, tools and techniques for managing and mitigating risks for water and wastewater systems
  • Explain the efficient and effective use of resources by the water industry on national as well as more local (catchment/company/department) level.

Teaching team

The Cranfield Water Sciences Institute is recognised internationally as a centre of excellence for postgraduate courses. It is the UK's largest academic group specialising in process technologies, engineering and policy for water quality improvement, and is a member of British Water and the International Water Association. Industry practitioners teach alongside Course Director, Dr Yadira Bajon Fernandez and other leading academics, ensuring you are exposed to cutting-edge tools, techniques and innovations. Mohan Gunaratnam, MGML Ltd, UK (consultancy services) - WWTP, Hydraulics Peter Pridham, Aeration and Mixing, UK, Hydraulics module Ana Luis, EPAL, Portugal – Risk module Bob Breach, independent water quality and environmental consultant, UK – Risk module David Owen, Yorkshire Water, UK – Risk module Pete Pearce, Farmiloe Fisher Environment Ltd, UK- Biological Processes Adrian Oehmen, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal – Biological Processes Robbert Kleerebenzem, Delft University, Netherlands – Biological Processes Bob Markall, Consultant – Chemical Processes Marie Raffin, Thames Water, UK – Water Reuse.

Accreditation

The MSc of this course is accredited by accredited by the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM).

CIWEM logo

How to apply

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at that time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.