Contact Dr Anil Graves

Areas of expertise


Anil holds a BSc (Hons) in Natural Resources Development (University of East Anglia), an MSc in Land and Water Management (Cranfield) and a PhD in bio-economic evaluation of arable, forestry, and agroforestry systems for Europe (Cranfield). 

Prior to joining Cranfield University, Anil spent seven years working for NGOs in southern India on a range of integrated catchment management and reforestation projects for  government and non-government agencies.  He also researched the hydrological impacts of reforestation, using the calibrated heat pulse method to measure sap flow in trees, and the impact that reforestation had on soil properties. Further research included mapping groundwater abstraction patterns by domestic and agricultural users, as well as assessing coastal saline intrusion patterns in groundwater aquifers. 

Current activities

Anil is the course convenor for the MSc in Environment and Public Policy.

Current research includes evaluating the economic impact of precision farming technologies (ESA), understanding how biodiversity supports the flow of cultural services from land (NERC BESS), and evaluating the impact of future land use options on food security and GHG emissions (ASC).

Recent projects have focussed on the application of valuation within an ecosystem framework. In this respect, he has developed assessments of the cost of lowland peat degradation (Natural England), the cost of soil degradation in England and Wales (Defra), the costs and benefits of the livestock industry in the UK (Defra). He has also applied social science methods to evaluate farmer preferences for non-production farm assets and has undertaken stakeholder analysis in relation to UK farmland bird populations (RELU), researched the biophysical, economic, and ecological aspects of arable, forestry, and agroforestry systems in Europe (EU), and evaluated the impact of low external input land use systems for sustainable livelihoods at the forest/agriculture interface (Dfid).

Some current and recent projects include the following:

  • Biodiversity and the Provision of Multiple Ecosystem Services in Current and Future Lowland Multifunctional Landscapes (NERC BESS)
  • Matching scales: impact of natural scales on planning and policy decisions (NERC) Ecosystem Interactions (Defra)
  • Better evidence for regulatory reform (Defra) Restoration of Fen Peatland under Climate Change (ASC)
  • The total cost of soil degradation in England and Wales (Defra)
  • The impact of lowland peatland restoration on food production and security in the UK (Natural England)
  • The Land Use and GHG Implications of Dietary Change (UK Committee of Climate Change)
  • Understanding the factors influencing the practical application of the UK Climate Projections 2009 to land management for environmental benefit (Defra).
  • Economic and Environmental Performance of Livestock Systems (Defra)
  • Evaluating the options of combining economically, socially and ecologically sustainable agriculture" (RELU).
  • NERC Scoping Study on Valuation of Natural Resources (NERC).
  • Silvoarable Agroforestry for Europe (EU).


  • Adaptation Sub-Committee (CCC)
  • Committee on Climate Change (CCC)
  • Commonwealth Human Ecology Council (CHEC)
  • Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
  • Department for International Development (DFID)
  • Environment Agency (EA)
  • European Network for Rural Development (ENRD)
  • European Union (EU)
  • European Space Agency (ESA)
  • German Israeli Fund for Research and International Development (GIFRID)
  • Natural England (NE)
  • Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
  • Overseas Development Agency (ODA)
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)
  • Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research (SNIFFER)
  • Strichting de Zaaier
  • Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture (FAL)
  • Wasteland Development Board.


Articles In Journals

Conference Papers


  • Burgess PJ, den Herder M, Dupraz C, Garcia de Jalon S, Garnett K, Graves AR, Hermansen JE, Liagre F, Mirck J, Moreno G, Mosquera-Losada MR, Palma JHN, Pantera A & Plieninger T (2016) AGFORWARD Second Periodic Report: January 2015 to June 2016..
  • McAdam JH, Burgess PJ, Graves AR, Mosquera-Losada MR & Rigueiro-Rodriguez A (2009) Classifications and functions of agroforestry systems in Europe. In: Agroforestry in Europe: Current Status and Future Prospects. Rigueiro-Rodriguez A, McAdam J, Mosquera-Losada MR (ed.), Springer, p. 21-41.