Contact Dr Fiona Brock


Fiona graduated with a degree in chemistry from the University of Manchester before completing a PhD and postdoctoral research in biogeochemistry at the Universities of Bristol and Cardiff.

Fiona was the radiocarbon laboratory chemist at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology & the History of Art at Oxford University for 10 years, where she developed and applied methods for radiocarbon dating a wide range of materials including bone collagen, charcoal, parchment, pollen, and sediments. She was involved in a diverse range of research projects whilst at Oxford, including establishing chronologies for wooden prehistoric carvings from the Caribbean, dating the Egyptian historical chronology, and the Lake Suigetsu 2006 varved sediment core project.

Fiona joined the Cranfield Forensic Institute as a consultant in 2014, becoming Lecturer in Applied Analytical Techniques in 2016. .

Current activities

Fiona has a diverse range of research interests, including:

  • Radiocarbon dating of archaeological, environmental and forensic samples

  • Preservation of archaeological materials, in particular bone, charcoal and parchment

  • Applying analytical techniques to investigate the provenance or manufacture of cultural heritage artefacts

  • The chronology and provenancing of prehistoric Caribbean carvings (with Joanna Ostapkowicz, University of Oxford)

Fiona contributes to several modules on the forensic programme, including Fakes & Forgeries, Analytical Techniques, and Further Forensic Anthropology: Identification.

Fiona oversees the CFI laboratory facilities, primarily the micro-CT and ICP-MS, for both research projects and commercial clients


Articles In Journals

Conference Papers

  • Dee MW, Wengrow D, Shortland AJ, Stevenson A, Brock F & Bronk Ramsey C (2016) Radiocarbon dating of Early Egyptian pot residues. In: Vienna 2 - Ancient Egyptian Ceramics in the 21st Century, Vienna, 14-18 May 2012.
  • Hodgins G, Lindroos A, Ringbom A, Heinemeier J & Brock F 14C dating of Roman mortars - preliminary tests using diluted hydrochloric acid injected in batches. In: Building Roma Aeterna ; Current Research on Roman Mortar and Concrete, 27 March 2008.
  • Lindroos A, Ringbom A, Kaisti R, Heinemeier J, Hodgins G & Brock F The oldest parts of Turku Cathedral. C-14 chronology of fire damaged mortars. In: Archaeology and History of Churches in Baltic Region, Visby, 8 June 2010.
  • Lindroos A, Heinemeier J, Ringbom A, Brock F, Sonck-Koota P, Pehkonen M & Suksi J Problems in radiocarbon dating of Roman pozzolana mortars. In: Building Roma Aeterna ; Current Research on Roman Mortar and Concrete, 27 March 2008.
  • Ringbom A, Heinemeier J, Lindroos A & Brock F Mortar dating and Roman pozzolana, results and interpretation. In: Building Roma Aeterna ; Current Research on Roman Mortar and Concrete, 27 March 2008.
  • Ranta H, Hansson J, Lindroos A, Ringbom A, Heinemeier J, Brock F & Hodgins G Om datering av Gotlands medeltida kyrkor.


  • Marshall P, Bronk Ramsey C, Russell N, Brock F & Reimer P (2016) Interpreting the chronology of the cist. In: Preserved in the Peat: An extraordinary Bronze Age burial on Whitehorse Hill, Dartmoor, and its wider context. Jones AM (ed.), Oxford: Oxbow Books, p. 184-194.
  • Higham T, Lloyd-Smith L, Barton H, Brock F & Turney C (2016) Radiocarbon dating. In: Archaeological investigations in the Niah Caves, Sarawak. Barker G, Farr L (ed.), Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, p. 219-232.
  • Higham TFG, Ramsey CB, Cheney H, Brock F & Douka K (2012) The radiocarbon chronology of Gorham's Cave. In: Neanderthals in Context: A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham's and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar. Barton RNE, Stringer C, Finlayson C (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph Series, p. 62-76.
  • Brock F (2012) Preparing samples for AMS Radiocarbon Dating. In: Radiocarbon and the Chronologies of Ancient Egypt. Shortland AJ, Ramsey CB (ed.), Oxford: Oxbow Books, p. 48-52.
  • Brock F & Dee MW (2012) Sample selection for radiocarbon dating. In: Radiocarbon and the Chronologies of Ancient Egypt. Shortland AJ, Ramsey CB (ed.), Oxford: Oxbow Books, p. 40-47.
  • Ostapkowicz J, Ramsey CB, Wiedenhoeft AC, Brock F, Higham T & Wilson SM (2011) 'This Relic of Antiquity': Fifth to fifteenth century wood carvings from the southern Lesser Antilles. In: Communities in contact: Essays in archaeology, ethnohistory & ethnography of the Amerindian circum-Caribbean. Hofmann CL, van Duijvenbode A (ed.), Leiden: Sidestone Press, p. 137-170.
  • Pollard AM & Brock F (2011) Provenancing parchment, leather and paper using stable isotopes. In: The technological study of books and manuscripts as artefacts (BAR International Series 2209). Neate S, Howell D, Ovenden R, Pollard AM (ed.), Oxford: Archaeopress, p. 85-90.