Contact Dr Charlene Greenwood
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
After gaining her BSc degree in Forensic Science and Criminology from Keele University, Charlene continued her studies and gained an MSc degree in Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology from Cranfield University. Her PhD entitled ‘Physicochemical Modifications to Bone Mineral’ was awarded from Cranfield University and was winner of the Best Research Thesis Prize. Since gaining her PhD, Charlene has become an established researcher working collaboratively with internationally known individuals from both academia and industry. Charlene has gained experience across a range of archaeological, biomedical and forensic disciplines with good theoretical knowledge and practical applications.
Charlene’s research focus has been to investigate the fundamental chemistry of biological apatites by employing a material science approach and her research has applications within archaeology, pharmaceutical, medical and forensic sectors. Charlene’s contributions to archaeology involve unlocking the chemical information contained within bioarchaeomaterials such as cremated bone and dental calculus in order to reconstruct past diet and lifestyles (cooking and funerary practices). Her contributions to forensic research includes enhancing the understanding of changes to bone mineral chemistry during a fire scenario providing more information on the fire event as well as species differentiation. Charlene’s main research interests focus on biomedical applications and currently involves material characterisation of diseased bone such as osteoporotic and osteoarthritic tissue for early diagnostic purposes.
Charlene is a newly appointed Lecturer within Cranfield Forensic Institute, having previously worked on an ESPRC grant as a Research Fellow, which aimed to unlock the molecular information contained within X-ray scatter signatures from osteoporotic bone specimens. From this research, Charlene was able to formulate a preliminary model for fracture risk based on bone architecture and chemistry. The results from this project were used to secure more funding for development of technology from the EPSRC Institutional Sponsorship Fund.
She is currently working on an internationally collaborative project with Ryerson University Toronto, Ontario, Canada, investigating the physicochemical properties of bone from donors treated for osteoporosis. This project will not only focus on understanding the microarchitectural changes to bone using micro – computed tomography (µ - CT), but will also investigate the physicochemical properties of the bone, to evaluate the effectiveness of these medications. The findings will be examined alongside the elemental analysis carried out by the team at Ryerson.
Charlene also teaches on a variety of modules for the Forensic MSc Programme including Analytical Techniques, Trace Evidence, Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology: Osteology (FFAO) and Further Forensic Anthropology: Identification (FAAI).
In 2017, Charlene was honoured to accept an invitation from the International Centre of Diffraction Data (ICDD), the world’s most prestigious NFP diffraction data provider, to take up a Chair on their Bioceramic sub-panel. The ICDD is the predominant organisation providing support for powder diffraction labs around the world and therefore Charlene will be responsible for the way in which labs worldwide analyse their diffraction data for bioceramic materials.
Research Interests include:-
The role of carbonate in the physicochemical properties of biological apatites
X-ray Diffraction (XRD)
Micro Computed Tomography (µ-CT) Imaging
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)
Articles In Journals
- Greenwood C, Rogers K, Wilson M, Lyburn I, Evans P & Prokopiou D (2019) Developing focal construct technology for in vivo diagnosis of osteoporosis, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1151 Article No. 012020.
- Greenwood C, Clement J, Dicken A, Evans P, Lyburn I, Martin RM, Stone N, Zioupos P & Rogers K (2018) Age-related changes in femoral head trabecular microarchitecture, Aging and Disease, 9 (6) 976-987.
- Dicken AJ, Evans JP, Rogers KD, Stone N, Greenwood C, Godber SX, Clement JG, Lyburn ID, Martin RM & Zioupos P (2016) Classification of fracture and non-fracture groups by analysis of coherent X-ray scatter, Scientific Reports, 6 Article No. 29011.
- Greenwood C, Clement J, Dicken A, Evans J, Lyburn I, Martin R, Rogers K, Stone N & Zioupos P (2016) Towards new material biomarkers for fracture risk, Bone, 93 55-63.
- Dicken AJ, Evans JPO, Rogers K, Greenwood C, Godber X, Stone N, Clement J, Lyburn I, Martin R & Zioupos P (2016) Towards point of care instrumentation for accurate fracture risk prediction, Osteoporosis International, 27 S148-S148.
- Greenwood C., Clement J., Dicken A., Evans J., Lyburn I., Martin R., Rogers K., Stone N., Adams G. & Zioupos P. (2015) The micro-architecture of human cancellous bone from fracture neck of femur patients in relation to the structural integrity and fracture toughness of the tissue, Bone Reports, 3 67-75.
- Dicken A., Evans J., Rogers K., Stone N., Greenwood C., Godber S., Prokopiou D., Clement J., Lyburn I., Martin R. & Zioupos P. (2015) X-ray diffraction from bone employing annular and semi-annular beams, Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60 (15) 5803-5812.
- Greenwood C, Rogers K, Beckett S & Clement J (2013) Initial observations of dynamically heated bone, Crystal Research and Technology, 48 (12) 1073-1082.
- Vachirawongsakorn V, Marquez-Grant N, Painter J, Beckett S & Greenwood C (2018) Taphonomic processes of chop marks in terrestrial and buried environments: A micro-CT and stereo-microscopic study [poster]. In: Taphos-Nomos 2018, School of Forensic and Applied Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, 2-4 November 2018.
- McGivern H, Greenwood C, Marquez-Grant N & Zioupos P (2018) Getting to the bare bones of the age –related changes to the mechanical and structural properties of the clavicle. In: Bone Research Society (BRS) Annual Meeting, Stripe Building, King Alfred Campus, University of Winchester, Winchester, 27-29 June 2018.
- Greenwood C, Rogers K, Wilson M, Lyburn I, Evans P, Davies G & Prokopiou D (2017) Towards medical diagnostics using hyperspectral X-ray scatter. In: 11th Annual TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo, Washington, 14-17 May 2017.
- Greenwood C, Rogers K, Dicken A, Evans P, Clement J, Lyburn I, Martin R, Zioupos P & Stone N (2016) Bone ultrastructure and architecture: the role of bone quality in fracture prediction. In: World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, Malaga, 14-16 April 2016.
- Greenwood C, Clement JG, Dicken AJ, Evans JPO, Lyburn ID, Martin RM, Rogers KD, Stone N, Adams G & Zioupos P (2016) Fracture toughness of the cancellous bone of FNF femoral heads in relation to its microarchitecture. In: 22nd Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics (ESB 2016), Lyon, 10-13 July 2016.
- Adams, G, Cook RB, Greenwood C, Rogers KD & Zioupos P (2015) Fracture toughness of cancellous bone: predictions from micro-CT values. In: 21st Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, Prague, 5 July 2015.
- Armstrong JR, Greenwood C, Rogers KD & Zioupos P (2014) Assessment of the physicochemical modifications to bone mineral caused by storage protocols. In: 7th World Congress of Biomechanics (WCB 2014), Boston, 6 July 2014.