We have been a centre of excellence in the field of accident investigation for almost 40 years. This course provides you with the knowledge and skills to conduct a rail accident investigation in accordance with the standards and recommended practices as required under the appropriate national and European legislation

At a glance

  • Start dateJanuary or May
  • DurationPart-time PgCert - one year, Part-time PgDip - 2 years, Part-time MSc - 3 years
  • DeliveryTaught modules 50%, Individual research project 50%
  • QualificationMSc, PgDip, PgCert
  • Study typePart-time

Who is it for?

The course is primarily aimed at those involved in rail accident investigation and other safety related industries.

Why this course?

We have been a centre of excellence in the field of accident investigation for almost 40 years. The course format draws on the experience we have gained in running similar MSc programmes which have proved to be both successful and popular. The format suits professionals based in UK and abroad, as teaching is conducted in modules and research and assessments can be completed remotely.

An important aspect of this course is the use of hands-on workshops and simulations to develop the practical skills required as an investigator. This is complemented by sessions and modules that enable you to conduct rigorous research and scientific analysis, along with technical writing, investigation and interviewing techniques.

Cranfield University is very well located for visiting part-time students from all over the world, and offers a range of library and support facilities to support your studies. This enables students from all over the world to complete this qualification whilst balancing work/life commitments. This MSc programme benefits from a wide range of cultural backgrounds which significantly enhances the learning experience for both staff and students.

Informed by Industry

The Industry Advisory Board for this course is made up of representatives from several organisations who have an interest in safety and accident investigation. As this is a new course it is expected that the Board will meet annually to ensure the course content remains relevant and up-to-date. Current members include:

  • Visiting Professor (Board Chairman), Ex AAIB
  • Visiting Professor, Ex AAIB
  • Chief Inspector, Rail Accident Investigation Branch
  • Chief Inspector, Marine Accident Investigation Branch
  • Head of Corporate Safety, Cathay Pacific Airways
  • Board Member, Civil Aviation Authority
  • Executive Vice President Safety, Emirates
  • Manager, Air Safety Investigations, Rolls-Royce
  • Director of Flight Safety, Airbus
  • Senior Advisor Royal Navy Flight Safety & Accident Investigation Centre.

Your teaching team

The course will be delivered by a wide range of experts from across Cranfield University, including members of the Cranfield Safety and Accident Investigation Centre. Teaching staff on this course include:

In addition, the course draws upon a wide range of external presenters from a variety of organisations linked to transport safety  including the UK Accident Investigation Branches, the military and other relevant organisations.

Course details

The course is delivered on a modular basis and consists of a combination of conventional learning tools and hands-on experience through field exercises and simulations.

The programme commences with attendance on the three-week module in Fundamentals of Investigation followed by a three-week module in Applied Rail Accident Investigation. The two compulsory modules have input from a significant number of external presenters who represent safety and accident investigation.

Individual project

During year three, students undertake a supervised research project on a subject of their choice within the rail accident investigation field. Students will be given a briefing and must demonstrate competency in hypothesis formation, literature review, methodology, analysis, conclusion forming and presentation. Students will also be asked to give a formal oral presentation on their research findings.

Assessment

Taught modules 50%, Individual research project 50%

University Disclaimer

Keeping our courses up-to-date and current requires constant innovation and change. The modules we offer reflect the needs of business and industry and the research interests of our staff and, as a result, may change or be withdrawn due to research developments, legislation changes or for a variety of other reasons. Changes may also be designed to improve the student learning experience or to respond to feedback from students, external examiners, accreditation bodies and industrial advisory panels.

To give you a taster, we have listed the core modules and some optional modules affiliated with this programme which ran in the academic year 2017–2018. There is no guarantee that these modules will run for 2018 entry. All modules are subject to change depending on your year of entry.

Compulsory modules
All the modules in the following list need to be taken as part of this course

Fundamentals of Investigation

Module Leader
  • Professor Graham Braithwaite
Aim

    To provide accident investigators with the fundamental knowledge and skills to conduct a general transport accident investigation.

Syllabus

    Response

    • The purpose of investigation
    • Notification processes
    • Getting started
    • Group system of investigation
    • Health and safety at the accident site
    • Initial appraisal of land and sea based sites
    • Disaster response
    • Disaster management
    • Competing interests, criminal investigations
    • Recovery of wreckage
    • Wreckage photography

    Evidence

    • Collecting evidence
    • Site survey techniques
    • Systems, engineering and operations investigations
    • High profile investigations
    • Organisational accidents
    • Investigative interviewing
    • Interview techniques
    • Analysis of statements
    • Physical evidence
    • Crashworthiness
    • Structures
    • Material failures and composites
    • Look and record
    • Remote site survey
    • Investigation site simulation

    Human factors

    • The human factor
    • Physiology
    • Psychology
    • Ergonomics
    • Passenger behaviour
    • Investigation support
    • Test capabilities
    • The role of the media
    • Witnesses
    • Accident pathology
    • Recovery and identification of bodies
    • Court procedures for investigators
    • The Coroner’s court

    Analysis

    • Recorders
    • Data recorders (voice/flight data)
    • Analysis of recorders
    • Non-volatile memory
    • Fundamentals of analysis
    • Analytical approaches
    • Applying analysis tools
    • Traps in analysis

    Recommendations

    • A major event
    • Management of large investigations
    • Liaising with victims / families
    • Relatives’ perspective
    • Report writing
    • Relations with the regulator
    • Managing recommendations
    • Multimodal investigations
    • Follow-up actions
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module, you will be able to:

  • Describe the accident investigation process for a transport accident including elements of preparation, emergency response, evidence collection, analysis and presentation of findings.
  • Work safely under supervision at an accident site.
  • Conduct witness interviews and collect material evidence from a variety of relevant sources.
  • Conduct an analysis of evidence to develop a no-blame report of what occurred and recommendations for future prevention.
  • Work successfully alongside relevant agencies including the police, coroner, media and regulator.

Applied Rail Accident Investigation

Module Leader
  • Yani Asmayawati
Aim
    This module builds on the Fundamentals of Accident Investigation to develop specialist skills for the investigation of rail accidents.


Syllabus
    The module builds on the Fundamentals of Accident Investigation module to develop specialist skills for the investigation of rail accidents.

    Advanced investigative skills
    • Rail accident site management and dealing with other agencies
    • Rail accident site risk management
    • Advanced interviewing skills
    • Advanced investigative photography
    • Advanced analysis methods
    • Rail crashworthiness and passenger survivability
    • Investigating Safety Management System


    Investigating collisions, level crossing accidents, and Signals Passed at Danger

    • Overview of factors contributing to Signals Passed at Danger, collision/level crossing accidents and case studies
    • Basic principles of signalling
    • Relevant safety systems in train control
    • Relevant human factors aspects


    Investigating derailment accidents

    • Overview of factors contributing to derailment accidents and case studies
    • Collecting, inspecting and interpreting evidence (on site)
    • Dynamic modelling of wheel/rail interface response
    • Relevant human factors aspects


    Accident investigation simulation

    A five-day practical exercise in a simulated accident investigation scenario where delegates can apply the skills and knowledge acquired in the Fundamentals of Accident Investigation course and other workshops in the Applied Rail Accident Investigation series. The simulation takes the delegate through the entire investigation process from notification, site investigation, interviews, analysis, report writing and formulating recommendations.
    • Team and investigation management.
    • Securing the accident site.
    • Managing news media
    • Health and safety at the accident site.
    • Risk assessment of the accident site.
    • Physical examination of wreckage/track.
    • Documentation investigation (procedures, manuals, logs, etc).
    • Accident site photography.
    • Accident site management.
    • Witness interviewing.
    • Application of analysis techniques.
    • Developing recommendations.
    • Formal report writing.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:


1. Identify potential hazards at a rail accident site and assess the risks and mitigation methods in order to work safely whilst conducting an investigation.
2. Identify and evaluate common failure types and their symptoms in terms of structures, rolling stock, fire, railway systems and human factors.
3. Describe and contrast the differences between the investigation of the different types of rail operations and technology.
4. Describe the role of the different parties in the accident investigation process and manage the relationships between these parties.
5. Successfully manage an accident investigation, both on-site and through to the publication and acceptance of recommendations.
6. Compose an accident report and develop feasible safety recommendations.
7. Identify, collect and analyse information/evidence from a variety of electronic, hard copy and witness sources to support investigations and research.
8. Appraise and critique the work of other practitioners and specialists.
9. Communicate effectively, in written form, research work and investigations produced.
10. Take responsibility for research and investigations produced, including, efficient time management, working to set deadlines and targets, demonstrating self-discipline, creative thinking and critical reflections of their own performance.
11. Collaborate and contribute effectively to group workshops, simulations and assignments, appreciating the contributions made by other team members, especially from different disciplines, national and cultural backgrounds.




Elective modules
A selection of modules from the following list need to be taken as part of this course

Mass Fatality Incidents

Module Leader
  • Dr Sophie Beckett
Aim

    This course provides an introduction to mass fatality incidents (MFI); their definition, categorisation, mitigation and management. It has a strong focus on disaster victim identification (DVI) but also covers more general effects, challenges, lessons learnt, management developments and, the return to normality following an MFI. In particular, the course considers the roles and responsibilities of the personnel involved in the DVI process, practical application of Interpol guidelines and DVI forms, planning and evaluation of temporary mortuary facilities and, DVI humanitarian assistance aspects of mass fatality incident response.

    The course may be of interest to a wide range of professionals including; emergency planners, emergency response personnel (police, fire and ambulance), family liaison officers, accident investigators, NGO workers, forensic scientists, medical doctors, lawyers, and those involved in the investigation of missing persons.

Syllabus
    • Introduction to mass fatality incidents (MFI); definitions, categorisations and history
    • MFI mitigation, response planning and management
    • Disaster victim identification (DVI) process and challenges
    • Roles and responsibilities of DVI personnel
    • Role of INTERPOL with respect to MFI
    • Needs of the bereaved and humanitarian assistance
    • Potential personal impact of MFI on responders
    • Case study examples
    • Lessons learnt and management developments
    • UK and International perspectives
    • Mock MFI scenarios
    • Media involvement with, and impact on MFI
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Demonstrate knowledge of key aspects of mass fatality incidents with respect to definitions, categorisations, mitigation and management
2. Apply knowledge of previous mass fatality incidents to critically evaluate general effects, challenges, lessons learnt, management developments and the return to normality following a mass fatality incident.
3. Demonstrate a critical awareness of; current best practice guidance for disaster victim identification (DVI), logistical and scientific challenges and, the roles and responsibilities of the personnel involved in the DVI process.
4. Recognise and explain the needs of the bereaved, best practice for humanitarian assistance and the potential impact of mass fatality incidents on responders.
5. Demonstrate effective communication, application of reasoning and, collaboration, through participation in a range of mock MFI scenarios

Failure of Materials and Structures

Module Leader
  • Dr David Ayre
Aim

    To provide an understanding of why materials and structures fail and how failure conditions can be predicted in metallic and non-metallic components and structures.


Syllabus
    • Overview of failure behaviour of cracked bodies; crack size influence, brittle and ductile behaviour; influence of material properties. Cyclic loading and chemical environment. Thermodynamic criteria and energy balance; Griffith’s approach, modifications by Orowan. Strain energy release rate, compliance, applications to fibre composites.
    • LEFM and crack tip stress fields, stress concentration, stress intensity, plane stress and plane strain. Fracture toughness in metallic materials, fracture toughness testing, calculations of critical defect sizes and failure stress. Crack tip plastic zones; the HRR field, CTOD, J Elastic- plastic failure criteria. Defect assessment failure assessment diagrams.
    • Fracture of rigid polymers and standard tests for fracture resistance of polymers. Delamination fatigue tests. Emerging CEN/ISO standards, current ESIS test procedures.
    • Crack extension under cyclic loading; Regimes of fatigue crack growth; Influence of material properties and crack tip plastic zones; Calculation of crack growth life and defect assessment in fatigue; Crack closure and variable amplitude loading; Short cracks and the limits of LEFM.
    • Software design tools for fatigue crack growth.
    • Static loading-stress corrosion cracking; corrosion fatigue.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

1. Identify the different regimes and processes of failure of cracked bodies and describe the factors controlling them and the boundaries and limits between them.
2. Describe the principles of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) and demonstrate their application to cracks in brittle, ductile and fibre composites through calculation of static failure conditions.
3. Calculate the limits of applicability of LEFM and apply modified predictive tools such as elastic-plastic fracture mechanics and failure assessment diagrams for calculation of failure.
4. Apply fracture mechanics to failure of cracked bodies under cyclic loads and under aggressive chemical environments to evaluate and predict service lives of structures.
5. Generate laboratory fracture mechanics data and critically assess its validity for application to particular engineering situations.

Legal Skills for Accident Investigators

Module Leader
  • Yani Asmayawati
Aim

    The module will allow the delegate to have an understanding of the relevant regulations, legislation and legal processes, to be able to conduct their evidence collection according to methods of best practice, and to be confident and proficient in giving evidence in court. At the end of the module the students will undertake a mock courtroom exercise and be able to receive feedback on their performance from their peers.


Syllabus

    • Standards, Recommended Practices, Legislation and Regulation with respect to Transport Accident Investigation.
    • Role and Legal Responsibilities of the Accident Investigator.
    • Note Taking and Statement Writing.
    • The Coroner’s Court.
    • Fatal Accident Inquiries.
    • Military Legal Processes.
    • Public Inquiries.
    • Civil Litigation Processes.
    • Presentation of Evidence in Court by Investigator.
    • Protection of Witnesses / Evidence.
    • Civil Litigation in Europe, the UK and the USA.
    • Criminal Litigation Processes.
    • Civil and Criminal Litigation Processes.
    • The Procedures, Order of Events and Roles of Participants.
    • How to Give Clear, Honest and Objective Evidence.
    • How to make Appropriate use of Supporting Evidence, Documents and Notes when Giving Evidence
    • How to Prepare for Giving Evidence
    • Techniques used by Lawyers in Cross-examination
    • Role Play of Cross-examination

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Evaluate the role of the accident investigator within the international and national legal frameworks and prepare strategies for managing their interaction with Coronial, Fatal Accident Inquiry, Public Inquiry and other relevant legal processes.
2. Define the role and responsibilities of the accident investigator as expert witness and demonstrate the ability to assess the best ways to execute this role.
3. Compose accident reports which can be used appropriately by parallel investigation processes.
4. Present oral evidence in court effectively and critically evaluate the experience.
5. Respond effectively to cross-examination and critically evaluate the experience.

Structural Integrity

Module Leader
  • Brennan, Professor Feargal F.P.
Aim

    To provide a general understanding of pertinent issues concerning the use of Engineering Materials and practical tools for solving structural integrity and structural fitness-for-service problems.

Syllabus

    Module syllabus covers the following topics: 

    • Introduction & Structural Design Philosophies
    • Fatigue Crack Initiation
    • Fracture Mechanics (1) – Derivation of G and K
    • Fracture Mechanics (2) – LEFM and EPFM
    • Fracture Mechanics (3) – Evaluation of Fracture Mechanics Parameters; K and J
    • Fracture Toughness Testing and Analysis; KIC and JIC
    • Creep Deformation and Crack Growth
    • Non Destructive Testing Methods
    • Inspection Reliability
    • Defect Assessment, Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Welded Components
    • Fracture of Composites
    • Corrosion Engineering.
Intended learning outcomes

On completion of this module, the student will:

  • Gain a systematic understanding of structural integrity and fitness-for-service issues
  • Demonstrate an in-depth awareness of the current practice and its limitations in aspects of structural integrity
  • Develop a critical and analytical approach towards the engineering aspects of structural integrity
  • Be able to confidently assess the applicability of the tools of structural integrity to new problems and apply them appropriately.

Fires, Explosions and their Investigation

Module Leader
Aim

    The course covers fire dynamics and the characteristics of explosives, their effects on buildings and people and the physical effects that would be looked for in their investigation

Syllabus
    • Fire initiation.
    • Fire spread.
    • Gas, vapour and dust explosions.
    • Fire spread in solids.
    • Effects of fire on the human.
    • Condensed phase explosives and pyrotechnics
    • Explosive Effects
    • Forensic examination of fires and explosions using visiting speakers from the Fire Service and commercial investigators
    • Vehicle Fires
    • Explosives range demonstration and fire demonstration (weather permitting)
    • Laboratory Practical
    • Laboratory Practical
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

1. understand the fundamental principles of fire science theory and fire modelling and demonstrate a critical awareness of the limitations of current theories and modelling processes
2. identify the various physical and mechanical processes and mechanisms leading to the initiation of fires and explosives
3. analyse the mechanisms involved in the spread of fire and the development of gas, vapour, and dust explosions
4. demonstrate an understanding of the forensic techniques used in the examination of fire and explosions.


Investigating Human Performance

Module Leader
  • Peter McCarthy
Aim

    The Investigating Human Performance Module encourages students to look critically at the contribution humans make in High reliability Organisations (HRO’s). Using psychological theory and analysis, the human contribution (positive and sometimes negative) is addressed. Theories and approaches of human performance explored on this module, help the investigator understand the human factors not only affecting those involved with accidents or incidents, but also the factors affecting the investigator.

Syllabus

    • Introduction to Human Factors
    o The role of human performance in accidents
    o Objectives of the course
    o Assignment briefing

    • Individual Factors
    o Human error
       Slips
       Lapses
       Mistakes
       Violations
       Skill-based errors
       Rule-based errors
       Knowledge-based errors
    o Human cognition
       Human performance and limitations
       Perception
       Memory
       Attention and vigilance
       Information processing
       Decision making
       Situational awareness
    o Medical factors
       Physiology and its effect on performance
       The role of the pathologist
       The role of the General Practitioner
       Ethics of accessing medical information
    o Workload, fatigue and tiredness
       Tiredness versus fatigue
       Effects of fatigue
       Things that look like fatigue but aren’t
       Building up a valid history
       Using fatigue assessment tools

    • Job / Workplace Factors

    o Evaluating ergonomics
    o Assessing task / workload
    o Interpreting error prediction tools
    o Environmental factors
    o Team Factors
    o teamwork
       communications
       leadership / followership
       cultural factors

    • Organisational and Management Factors

    o The role of culture in causation
    o The role of management in causation
    o Measuring safety culture
    o Assessing responses to previous events
    o Case study investigations

    • Human Performance evidence collection tools
    o Checklists
       Commonly used checklists and tools
       Benefits and limitations
       Case studies of use

    • Analysis of human factors
    o Biases and heuristics
    o Ethical issues
    o Interpretation of recorded data
    o Interpretation of witness / interview data

Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe the key areas of consideration for an accident investigator in terms of human performance in transport operations;
2. Identify suitable techniques for the collection of accurate evidence relating to human performance;
3. Critically assess the effectiveness of contemporary human factors evidence collection and analysis tools;
4. Identify at what point an expert should be approached about the collection or analysis of human performance evidence.
5. Evaluate the human performance aspects of contemporary accident investigations

Aerial Photography and Digital Photogrammetry

Module Leader
  • Tim Brewer
Aim

    Deriving digital elevation models and ortho imagery is an important application of remote sensing data for many areas of spatial work. This module introduces techniques for the extraction of topographic information from remotely sensed data using digital photogrammetry techniques. Image interpretation is also a vital skill required in many image based mapping projects. The concepts and techniques of image interpretation will be introduced and practised.

Syllabus
    • Topographic maps and remote sensing images: map scale and content, image sources and interpretation methods, accuracy issues. 
    • Aerial imagery in the context of other remote sensing systems. Physics of light: principles of recording the image. Stereoscopy and parallax. Geometry: scale variation, relief displacement, tilts.
    • Geometry of vertical aerial imagery: geometry, co-ordinate axes, scale, measurement. 
    • Digital photogrammetry.  Digital elevation models.  Structure from Motion.
    • Satellite photogrammetry.
    • Air photo mosaics and orthophotos.
    • Interpretation: principles and factors.  Applied interpretation: geology, geomorphology, vegetation, soils, urban structures.  Flight planning.  API project management and implementation.
    • Recent developments - UAV imagery, scanning existing photography.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

  • Explain the geometry and spectral properties of vertical aerial photographs
  • Explain the basic principles of digital photogrammetry
  • Use aerial photographs in the interpretation of the physical and human environments
  • Extract elevation data from stereo pairs
  • Derive orthophotography from standard frame aerial photography

Research Methods and Statistics

Module Leader
  • Dr Nicola Volta
Aim

    To facilitate the use of basic research methods and fundamentals of statistical analysis to solve research problems in the air transport industry.



Syllabus
    Research Methods
    • Introduction to research
    • Case study research design
    • Survey research/questionnaire design
    • Qualitative methods e.g. In-depth interview

    Statistics
    • Descriptive statistics
    • Probability distribution
    • Estimation with confidence intervals
    • Hypothesis testing
    • Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
    • Correlation and simple regression
    • Multiple regression

Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Evaluate and select the most appropriate research methods and statistical techniques in application to different research needs
2. Critically evaluate research from methodological perspective in terms of its suitability and effectiveness
3. Formulate and demonstrate practical application of research methods in the theoretical design of a study
4. Interpret and evaluate basic statistical results of research/consultancy reports.
5. Propose and apply analysis and interpretation skills appropriately to a substantial dataset.

Investigation and Evidence Collection

Module Leader
  • Dr Karl Harrison
Aim

    To understand the core responsibilities of evidence recording and collection at the crime scene, both in general and specifically related to operational constraints of a UK investigative context. To understand the operation of forensic and police investigators within the context of a major investigation.

Syllabus
    • construction of the forensic strategy
    • evidence selection and collection
    • scene photography
    • digital photography
    • sample integrity and contamination issues
    • assessment of evidence
    • packaging and transportation
    • scene reporting
    • handling intelligence – assessment and communication.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:

1. analyse and evaluate various different strategies of major scene investigation to consider the various effects of different approaches
2. appraise the range of evidence collection and investigation techniques available to the crime scene investigator
3. describe and evaluate the relative merits of the range of systematic crime scene procedures vital to successful investigations
4. evaluate which of these procedures are appropriate to a particular crime scene and apply these procedures appropriately during a crime scene exercise
5. generate a crime scene report which objectively critiques the methodologies used and draws justified conclusions appropriate for the evidence
6. transfer theoretical and practical knowledge of evidence identification, recording and retrieval into the various roles of forensic specialists.


Interviewing Techniques for Accident Investigators

Module Leader
  • Professor Graham Braithwaite
Aim
    The Interviewing for Accident Investigators module is designed to provide delegates with an enhanced level of theoretical and practical skills to effectively interview various types of witness to gather evidence in support of successful safety accident investigations.

    The module adopts a balanced curriculum of theoretical learning and practical sessions involving interviews of live witnesses, with video debriefing, to deliver a practical learning experience supported by the latest academic thinking in investigative interviewing.

    The module is intended to build on the interviewing skills developed during the Fundamentals of Accident Investigation, Applied Aircraft Accident Investigation, Applied Marine Accident Investigation and Applied Rail Accident Investigation modules. However, it can also be attended as a standalone module for delegates who wish to gain an enhanced qualification in investigative interviewing, and would be particularly suited to delegates with previous experience of conducting investigative interviews.

    The module will have an emphasis on interviews forming part of safety (no blame/just culture) investigations of generic transport accidents. However, its content will be equally applicable to accident investigators from other safety critical domains and high reliability organisations, such as healthcare, process industries, and energy utilities.
Syllabus
    Refresher of the fundamentals of investigative interviewing
    • Basic principles of investigative interviewing
    • Basic interviewing models:-
      -Conversation Management
      -Conducting a PEACE interview
    • Use of different questioning techniques – Open v. Closed, Directed, Confirmatory, etc
    • Fundamentals of cognitive interviewing
    • Basic theory of memory and recall.

    Enhanced theory of investigative interviewing
    • Enhanced theory of memory and psychology applied during investigative interviewing.
    • SE3R methodology for managing and recording interviews.
    • Introduction to concept of enhanced cognitive interview techniques, including free recall.
    • Biases and heuristics – investigator and witnesses.
    • Introduction to non-cognitive interview techniques for interviewees who have not directly witnessed the accident.

    Preparation for the interview
    • Assessment of the emotional and psychological state of witnesses
    • Awareness of the characteristics of potentially vulnerable witnesses and the challenges faced when interviewing them
    • Consideration of cultural, religious, social factors that may have an effect on the witness interview
    • Strategies for planning and structuring different types of interviews
    • Identification of the most appropriate interview technique to apply.

    Conducting the interview
    • Management of the initial phases of the interview to build rapport and ensure that all legal and ethical aspects have been considered
    • Implementation of the appropriate interviewing model in accordance with the interview strategy/plan
    • Adopting a meaningful, effective and consistent strategy for summarising and recording witness evidence
    • Introduction to strategies for dealing with challenging/difficult witnesses, including obstructive and inappropriate behaviour
    • Identifying and employing appropriate challenge techniques for any inconsistencies/omissions during an interview.
    • Dealing with other third party attendees at the interview, e.g. legal representatives, trade union representatives, friends/family.
    • Effective interview closure strategies.

    Post-interview phase
    • Recording and summarising of the interview information
    • Strategies for conducting an effective self-critique of the interview process to ensure continuous performance improvement.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the underlying interviewing theories, including memory theory and psychological factors affecting witness recall, and biases and heuristics of both witnesses and investigators
  • Describe and critically assess the most appropriate interview technique(s) to be adopted during an accident safety investigation to ensure the effective gathering of witness evidence, including cognitive/non-cognitive interview techniques
  • Develop an appropriate and effective interview strategy and plan to ensure the efficacy of the interview and optimise the gathering of the available information
  • Conduct an effective witness interview with regard to the selection of the most appropriate interview methodology, the welfare of the witness, the quality of the evidence collected and the accuracy of note taking
  • Develop an awareness of the characteristics of potentially vulnerable witnesses and the challenges faced when interviewing them
  • Demonstrate the ability to conduct an effective self-critique of the interview process to ensure continuous performance improvement.

Fundamentals of Material Failures for Accident Investigators

Module Leader
  • Yani Asmayawati
Aim
    The module will allow the delegate to have an understanding of the relevant failure modes, be able to inspect wreckage to understand the most likely failure scenarios, and to be proficient in obtaining and evaluate the work supplied by material forensic specialists. At the end of the module the students will undertake simulated materials investigations and present their findings to their peers.


Syllabus
    • Fundamentals: The student will gain an understanding of the fundamentals of material behaviour, mode specific design philosophies, and principles related to material failures.
    • Failure modes of metallic materials: Fracture mechanisms and the resultant visual characteristics will be presented.
    • Failure modes of non-metallic materials: Fracture mechanisms and the resultant visual characteristics will be presented.
    • The process of structural investigations: Subject areas presented include the material investigation process; from the wreckage examination in the field to the laboratory investigation, sample removal and transportation, and the use of specialist laboratory equipment.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
1. Describe the failure modes and visual characteristics associated with material failures
2. Inspect a fracture surface to make a judgement on the failure scenario.
3. Evaluate the information supplied from a forensic specialist on a failure scenario.
4. Plan the different aspects of a structural investigation

Fees and funding

European Union students applying for university places in the 2018 to 2019 academic year will still have access to student funding support. Please see the UK Government’s announcement (21 April 2017).

Cranfield University welcomes applications from students from all over the world for our postgraduate programmes. The Home/EU student fees listed continue to apply to EU students.


MSc Part-time £21,000 *
PgDip Part-time £17,200 *
PgCert Part-time £10,350 *
  • * Fees can be paid in full up front, or in equal annual instalments, up to a maximum of two payments per year; first payment on or before registration and the second payment six months after the course start date. Students who complete their course before the initial end date will be invoiced the outstanding fee balance and must pay in full prior to graduation.

Fee notes:

  • The fees outlined apply to all students whose initial date of registration falls on or between 1 August 2018 and 31 July 2019.
  • All students pay the tuition fee set by the University for the full duration of their registration period agreed at their initial registration.
  • A non-refundable £2,000 deposit is payable on offer acceptances and will be deducted from your overall tuition fee. 
  • Additional fees for extensions to the agreed registration period may be charged.
  • Fee eligibility at the Home/EU rate is determined with reference to UK Government regulations. As a guiding principle, EU nationals (including UK) who are ordinarily resident in the EU pay Home/EU tuition fees, all other students (including those from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man) pay Overseas fees.

For further information regarding tuition fees, please refer to our fee notes.



MSc Part-time £22,500 *
PgDip Part-time £17,200 *
PgCert Part-time £10,350 *
  • * Fees can be paid in full up front, or in equal annual instalments, up to a maximum of two payments per year; first payment on or before registration and the second payment six months after the course start date. Students who complete their course before the initial end date will be invoiced the outstanding fee balance and must pay in full prior to graduation.

Fee notes:

  • The fees outlined apply to all students whose initial date of registration falls on or between 1 August 2018 and 31 July 2019.
  • All students pay the tuition fee set by the University for the full duration of their registration period agreed at their initial registration.
  • A non-refundable £2,000 deposit is payable on offer acceptances and will be deducted from your overall tuition fee. 
  • Additional fees for extensions to the agreed registration period may be charged.
  • Fee eligibility at the Home/EU rate is determined with reference to UK Government regulations. As a guiding principle, EU nationals (including UK) who are ordinarily resident in the EU pay Home/EU tuition fees, all other students (including those from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man) pay Overseas fees.

For further information regarding tuition fees, please refer to our fee notes.



Funding Opportunities

To help students find and secure appropriate funding, we have created a funding finder where you can search for suitable sources of funding by filtering the results to suit your needs. Visit the funding finder.

Postgraduate Loan from Student Finance England
A Postgraduate Loan is now available for UK and EU applicants to help you pay for your Master’s course. You can apply for a loan at GOV.UK

Santander MSc Scholarship
The Santander Scholarship at Cranfield University is worth £5,000 towards tuition fees for full-time master's courses. Check the scholarship page to find out if you are from an eligible Santander Universities programme country.

Chevening Scholarships
Chevening Scholarships are awarded to outstanding emerging leaders to pursue a one-year master’s at Cranfield university. The scholarship includes tuition fees, travel and monthly stipend for Master’s study.

Cranfield Postgraduate Loan Scheme (CPLS)
The Cranfield Postgraduate Loan Scheme (CPLS) is a funding programme providing affordable tuition fee and maintenance loans for full-time UK/EU students studying technology-based MSc courses.

Commonwealth Scholarships for Developing Countries
Students from developing countries who would not otherwise be able to study in the UK can apply for a Commonwealth Scholarship which includes tuition fees, travel and monthly stipend for Master’s study.

Future Finance Student Loans
Future Finance offer student loans of up to £40,000 that can cover living costs and tuition fees for all student at Cranfield University.

Erasmus+ Student Loans
This new loan scheme for EU students is offered by Future Finance and European Investment Fund and provides smart, flexible loans of up to £9,300.

Entry requirements

Applicants should have a good UK honours degree (or equivalent) in any discipline, or a recognised lower qualification plus relevant work experience in rail/safety related areas.

English Language

If you are an international student you will need to provide evidence that you have achieved a satisfactory test result in an English qualification. Our minimum requirements are as follows:

IELTS Academic – 6.5 overall
TOEFL – 92
Pearson PTE Academic – 65
Cambridge English Scale – 180
Cambridge English: Advanced – C
Cambridge English: Proficiency – C

In addition to these minimum scores you are also expected to achieve a balanced score across all elements of the test. We reserve the right to reject any test score if any one element of the test score is too low.

We can only accept tests taken within two years of your registration date (with the exception of Cambridge English tests which have no expiry date).

Students requiring a Tier 4 (General) visa must ensure they can meet the English language requirements set out by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) and we recommend booking a IELTS for UKVI test.

Applicants who do not already meet the English language entry requirement for their chosen Cranfield course can apply to attend one of our Presessional English for Academic Purposes (EAP) courses. We offer Winter/Spring and Summer programmes each year to offer holders.


Your career

The MSc in Safety and Accident Investigation (Rail Transport) allows you to receive an internationally recognised qualification in the field of rail accident investigation. The majority of students join this course with the intention of receiving a qualification that will allow them to further their career development in accident investigation or other safety related areas of the rail transport industry.

Applying

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at this time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.


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