The UK water industry has a high demand for process literate graduates. This course is for individuals who want to make a real difference to delivering reliable water supplies, or to maintaining and enhancing river and ground water quality.





At a glance

  • Start dateOctober
  • DurationTwo years full-time
  • DeliveryTaught modules 20%, Group Project 10%, Industrial Placement Report 5%, Individual Project 65%
  • QualificationMTech
  • Study typeFull-time

Who is it for?

Students complete a combined programme of campus and company-based study over a fixed two-year period. The course comprises eight one-week assessed modules which include lectures and tutorials, two group projects, an industrial placement report and individual research project portfolio.

This course is suitable for science or engineering graduates keen to pursue careers within companies involved in water and wastewater treatment, process contractors, consultants, equipment manufacturers, suppliers and industrial water users; or graduates currently working in the water sector keen to extend their qualifications; or individuals with other qualifications who possess considerable relevant experience.

Why this course?

The UK water industry has a high demand for 'process literate' graduates who can design, engineer and manage treatment plant, equipment and associated processes. This specialist postgraduate course has been designed and developed in conjunction with key stakeholders in the water industry to provide a tailor-made solution to the skills and knowledge shortage facing the sector. 

The course is designed to ensure the maximum opportunity for students to be industrially focused. Students undertaking the award will complete an extended period of career development through research in industry with their sponsoring company whilst developing their technical knowledge and professional practice record to achieve professional accreditation and chartered status.

Informed by Industry

Our courses are designed to meet the training needs of industry and have a strong input from experts in their sector. These include:

  • P A Consulting
  • Joint Research Centre, Ispra
  • Adas
  • Cresswell Associates
  • Chartered Institute of Waste Management
  • Geospatial Insight
  • Oakdene Hollins
  • Golder
  • Astrium Geo-information Services
  • Unilever
  • Landscape Science Consultancy
  • WRc PLC
  • FWAG
  • RSPB
  • ERM
  • GIGL
  • WRG
  • Environment Agency
  • Chartered Institute of Water and Environment Management
  • Enviros
  • Health Protection Agency
  • Neales Waste
  • Natural England
  • National Trust
  • Trucost
  • SLR Consulting
  • Highview Power Storage
  • Nomura Code Securities

Your teaching team

The Centre for Water Science at Cranfield University is recognised internationally as a centre of excellence. It is the UK’s largest postgraduate group specialising in process technologies, engineering and policy for water quality improvement. Industry practitioners teach alongside a wide-range of subject specialists.

Accreditation

This degree has been accredited by the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM).

ciwem

Course details

The course comprises eight one-week assessed modules which include lectures and tutorials, two group projects, an industrial placement report and individual research project portfolio.

Group project

The group project is a multidisciplinary team-based activity. Students are given the initial aims and objectives of the project and have to design a solution and specification for water treatment plants. The group project is assessed by means of two reports and an oral presentation.

Individual project

Industrial Placement Report:

Students are required to demonstrate an understanding of the contribution of research to their professional and personal development through the industrial placement report. This also contributes towards professional development.

Individual Research Project Portfolio:

This provides students with the opportunity, whilst working under academic supervision, to develop and demonstrate independent research skills. This element of the course includes research planning, the refinement of objectives, organisation and initiative in the completion of data generation and gathering, analysis, synthesis, and the discussion and presentation of results and conclusions.

Assessment

Taught modules 20%, Group Project 10%, Industrial Placement Report 5%, Individual Project 65%

Core modules

Water and Wastewater Treatment Principles

Module Leader
  • MacAdam Sproat, Dr Jitka J.
Aim

    To acquire general knowledge of the conventional unit operations employed in water and wastewater treatment, including the scientific engineering principles on which they are based.

Syllabus
    • Classification, significance and concentration ranges of impurities in water and wastewater, including: suspended and dissolved solids, organic and inorganic compounds, trace contaminants and pathogens
    • Physical methods for removing particulates, including: screening and grit removal, sedimentation and filtration
    • Chemical dosing, including: precipitation; coagulation and flocculation processes (including basic concepts from colloid science); disinfection and chemical oxidation
    • Adsorption and ion exchange
    • Biological processes for wastewater treatment, both aerobic and anaerobic. Activated sludge, trickling filters and sludge digestion
    • Pumping and process control systems and strategies
    • Examples of flow sheets and unit operations used in treatment plants.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

  • Examine the nature of impurities in waters and wastewaters, their concentrations and significance.
  • Explain the basic principles of conventional treatment processes.
  • Select appropriate processes, depending on the nature of the impurities to be removed and the intended use of the treated water or effluent.
  • Design a flow-sheet showing how unit processes are selected based on incoming water quality.

Process Science and Engineering

Module Leader
  • Pidou, Dr Marc M.
Aim

    To acquire and, through completing tutorials, demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of water chemistry, physics, microbiology and chemical engineering as applied to the treatment of water and wastewater.

Syllabus
    • Aqueous chemistry: moles and equivalents, solubility, the behaviour of acids and bases and the concept of pH, kinetics and equilibria, surface science and electrochemistry
    • Fundamental process principles: engineering and SI units, fluid mixing and flow through porous media, mass balance, mass transfer and elementary chemical reactor theory
    • Introductory cell biology: basic microbiology and biochemistry with reference to classification and terminology, structure of biochemicals and biochemical pathways of special interest to water and wastewater processes.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

  • Demonstrate a working knowledge of algebraic manipulations.
  • Apply the underlying basic physics principles to fluid flow.
  • Apply the relevant fundamental engineering principles of mass balance, mass transfer and reactors.
  • Apply chemical and biochemical kinetics principles.
  • Identify and apply governing equations for processing data relating to the above.

Biological Processes

Module Leader
  • Soares, Dr Ana A.
Aim

    To gain an understanding of the design principles, practice and operational experience of biological treatment processes.

Syllabus
    • Key principles of biological processes including kinetics and microbial pathways.
    • The role of microorganisms in aerobic processes (e.g activated sludge) and anaerobic processes (eg digestion).
    • Principles and application of fixed film processes including RBCs, MBBR, IFAS and trickling filters.
    • Activated sludge principles, design and operation
    • Principles of oxygen transfer for suspended growth microbial processes
    • Anaerobic digestion principles, design and operation
    • Principles of heat transfer for optimum anaerobic digestion performance
    • Applications for extensive processes for wastewater treatment including reed beds.
    • Biological nutrient removal including Annamox and alternative nutrient removal processes (struvite and adsorbents)
    • Advanced biological wastewater treatment including anaerobic wastewater treatment and application of biological processes for micropollutant removal
    • Laboratory session examining wastewater quality analysis.
Intended learning outcomes On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:
  • Identify the range of conventional and advanced biological treatment processes for the treatment of bulk organics, nutrients and micropollutants.
  • Understand the underlying biological principles on which the processes are based, and be able to apply these principles to unit process design and operation.
  • Be able to select appropriate processes for specific applications, and have some knowledge of practical design considerations.

Risk Management and Reliability Engineering

Module Leader
  • MacAdam Sproat, Dr Jitka J.
Aim

    Risk management has become the central function of a utility manager. Utilities provide essential public health and environmental protection services to society and those working in the sector need to be versed with the context, tools and requirements of good risk governance. This module then aims to equip technologists with the skills to commission, appraise and review risk assessments within the utility sector, specifically for water, wastewater and solid waste unit processes and assets to introduce the management and governance of risk within the utility sector technical, managerial and human factors.

Syllabus

    This module explores risks from the strategic to operational level and both quantitative and qualitative
    tools and techniques. It does this by exploring:

    • Drivers for risk management in the utility sector - why manage risk?
    • Corporate risk management structures, tools and techniques
    • Basic probability and statistics
    • The reliability, availability and maintenance of unit processes
    • Risk analysis tools and techniques
    • Assets, risk management and public health protection
    • Regulatory risk assessments in support of environmental permits
    • Communicating risk, building stakeholder confidence
    • Risk governance in the utility sector towards high reliability organisations.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

  • Summarise the context of risk governance in the utility sector and explain organisational structures for risk management; relate these to corporate objectives, e.g. licence to operate
  • Exemplify strategic, tactical and operational risk in the water, wastewater or waste sector
  • Identify and select from key risk analysis tools and techniques appropriate to a range risk problem under study; be confident about the rules for selecting risk techniques
  • Undertake reliability analysis calculations, understanding and calculating mean times to failure
  • Identify critical control points and devise risk management strategies for managing risks to and from engineered systems; relate these to the development of water safety plans 
  • Devise risk governance structures and debate key risk management competencies for individuals, organisations and specialists; recognise core features of a risk mature organisation
  • Scope out and critically evaluate environmental risk assessments in the context of regulatory permitting sitting, operations and discharge.

Chemical Processes

Module Leader
  • Goslan, Dr Emma E.H.
Aim

    To gain an understanding of the design principles, practice and operational experience of conventional and advanced chemical treatment processes.

Syllabus
    • Key principles of chemical processes including kinetics, thermodynamics, solubility and fate
    • The role of solubility in chemical processes including precipitation, scaling and corrosion
    • Adsorption of organics by activated carbon. Kinetics and equilibria. Batch and column operation. Biological effects. Carbon regeneration. Applications
    • Ion exchange resins. Ion selectivity. Column operation. Regeneration of resins, co-flow and counter-flow
    • Applications, including demineralisation, water softening, removal of nitrate and heavy metals
    • Coagulation science and application in water and wastewater treatment. Role of floc formation and growth
    • Oxidation of trace: chlorine, ozone, hydrogen peroxide and other oxidants. Principle of advanced oxidation processes
    • Disinfection principles and key issues: formation of by-products
    • UV irradiation: applications for low and medium pressure lamps
    • The selection of chemical processes for specific contaminant removal.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

  • Identify the range of conventional and advanced water and wastewater treatment processes for the removal of dissolved impurities (including toxic metals and trace organics) and the inactivation of pathogenic organisms
  • Understand the underlying chemical principles on which the processes are based, and be able to apply these principles to unit process design and operation
  • Select appropriate processes for specific applications, and have some knowledge of practical design considerations
  • Execute laboratory work on a key topic (FT).

Physical Processes

Module Leader
  • Jarvis, Dr Peter P.R.
Aim

    To gain an understanding of the design principles, practice and operational experience of conventional and novel physical separation processes.

Syllabus
    • Introduction to physical processes principles relevant to understanding the design, operation and fault diagnostic of the range of physical processes encountered in water and wastewater treatment
    • Modern screening designs: bar racks, fine screens, rotating drums, moving belts. Removal, disposal of retained solids
    • Clarification processes including sedimentation, high rate systems, dissolved air flotation and their applications
    • Filtration design and practice including backwashing, filter floors, factors governing media selection and application in water and wastewater treatment
    • Membrane processes including materials, configuration, design and operation of porous membrane systems
    • Sludge processes including source characterisation, theory and practice
    • Key problem particles: algae, NOM and wastewater. Covering their characteristics and how they impact on the selection and operation of physical processes.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:

  • Understand and use the fundamental physical phenomena governing solid-liquid separation processesDetermine the factors affecting the selection, design and operation of conventional and innovative physical separation processes
  • Design and specify appropriate operating conditions for unit processes for physical separation as applied to water and wastewater treatment
  • Execute and assess laboratory work examining physical processes used in the solid –liquid separation sector
  • Carry out practical sessions on physical processes.

Hydraulics and Pumping Systems

Module Leader
Aim

    To provide the foundation in hydraulics and an understanding of pumping systems with reference to water and wastewater treatment flow sheets.

Syllabus
    • Principles of channel flows, weir and flumes
    • Hydraulic profiling
    • Flow distribution, divisions and combination
    • Flow through hydraulic structures and unit process
    • Time varying flows through treatment works
    • Pump system calculation
    • Principles and sizing of pumps
    • Sludge pumping systems
    • Pumping station design
    • Pump maintenance.
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:

  • Calculate hydraulic profile through a treatment works
  • Design flow division and combination devices
  • Understand the effects of flow variations through a treatment works
  • Select and size appropriate pumps for different applications.

Water Reuse and Resource Recovery

Module Leader
  • Smith, Dr Heather H.M.
Aim

    This module delivers a holistic picture of water reuse, covering relevant technical, economic, and socio-political challenges. To illustrate these challenges, we draw on real world examples of schemes from around the world. The module provides attendees with the skills needed to critically assess water reuse challenges, as well as evaluate options and design appropriate solutions within the context of sustainable water management. This module follows a flipped classroom approach, wherein students access key content prior to class time and then use face-to-face class time with staff (through seminars and group discussion) to work on the application of acquired knowledge as well as confirming their understanding of background material.

Syllabus
    Topics
    • Technologies for large-scale water reuse
    • Technologies for small-scale water reuse
    • Opportunities for resource recovery (nutrients and energy)
    • Governance issues and public engagement
    • Risk assessment and management


    Application contexts

    • Large-scale water reuse for potable uses (e.g. aquifer recharge, reservoir augmentation)
    • Large-scale water reuse for non-potable uses (e.g. irrigation, industrial processes, domestic uses)
    • Small-scale water reuse (e.g. building-level greywater reuse).
Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:

  • Describe their understanding of the theoretical aspects of water reuse and resource recovery in the context of sustainable water management
  • Describe their understanding of the socio-political context for water reuse and resource recovery, including the relevant policy environment and issues of public perception
  • Identify and evaluate opportunities for water reuse and resource recovery in wastewater treatment systems
  • Identify, summarise and evaluate technological options for water reuse and resource recovery
  • Devise a complete water reuse and/or resource recovery scheme, and summarise its key components, including significant costs, key associated risks, and potential risk mitigation measures.

Fees and funding

European Union students applying for university places in the 2017 to 2018 academic year will still have access to student funding support.

Please see the UK Government’s Department of Education press release for more information

Cranfield University welcomes applications from students from all over the world for our postgraduate programmes. The Home/EU student fees listed continue to apply to EU students.

MTech Full-time £18,000 *
  • * This is the total fee payable with a structured payment plan as follows; equal annual payments split over the 2 year duration of the course. First payment is due at registration, further payments are due on the anniversary of registration.

Fee notes:

  • The fees outlined apply to all students whose initial date of registration falls on or between 1 August 2017 and 31 July 2018.
  • All students pay the tuition fee set by the University for the full duration of their registration period agreed at their initial registration.
  • A deposit may be payable, depending on your course.
  • Additional fees for extensions to the agreed registration period may be charged and can be found below.
  • Fee eligibility at the Home/EU rate is determined with reference to UK Government regulations. As a guiding principle, EU nationals (including UK) who are ordinarily resident in the EU pay Home/EU tuition fees, all other students (including those from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man) pay Overseas fees.

For further information regarding tuition fees, please refer to our fee notes.

MTech Full-time £35,000 *
  • * This is the total fee payable with a structured payment plan as follows; equal annual payments split over the 2 year duration of the course. First payment is due at registration, further payments are due on the anniversary of registration.

Fee notes:

  • The fees outlined apply to all students whose initial date of registration falls on or between 1 August 2017 and 31 July 2018.
  • All students pay the tuition fee set by the University for the full duration of their registration period agreed at their initial registration.
  • A deposit may be payable, depending on your course.
  • Additional fees for extensions to the agreed registration period may be charged and can be found below.
  • Fee eligibility at the Home/EU rate is determined with reference to UK Government regulations. As a guiding principle, EU nationals (including UK) who are ordinarily resident in the EU pay Home/EU tuition fees, all other students (including those from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man) pay Overseas fees.

For further information regarding tuition fees, please refer to our fee notes.

Funding Opportunities

Funding opportunities exist, including industrial sponsorship, School bursaries and a number of general external schemes.  For the majority of sponsored students, sponsorship is organised by their employers. We recommend you discuss this with your company in the first instance.

Entry requirements

A first or second class UK Honours degree in a relevant science, engineering or related discipline; or the international equivalent of these UK qualifications. Other relevant qualifications, together with significant experience, may be considered.

English Language

If you are an international student you will need to provide evidence that you have achieved a satisfactory test result in an English qualification. The minimum standard expected from a number of accepted courses are as follows:

IELTS - 6.5

TOEFL - 92 

Pearson PTE Academic - 65

Cambridge English Scale - 180

Cambridge English: Advanced - C

Cambridge English: Proficiency - C

In addition to these minimum scores you are also expected to achieve a balanced score across all elements of the test. We reserve the right to reject any test score if any one element of the test score is too low.

We can only accept tests taken within two years of your registration date (with the exception of Cambridge English tests which have no expiry date).

Students requiring a Tier 4 (General) visa must ensure they can meet the English language requirements set out by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) and we recommend booking a IELTS for UKVI test.

Your career

Successful students will secure positions within their sponsoring company, making an ongoing contribution to its operating performance, with graduates developing the potential to progress to senior positions in industry.

Maxine

My PhD undoubtedly launched my career in the water industry. It developed my technical knowledge and capability but also gave me a broader foundation in terms of business understanding, leadership and personal resilience, which have helped me throughout all the roles I have had.

Maxine Mayhew, Group Commercial Director

Applying

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at this time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.

Apply Now