Environmental Management for Business MSc/PgCert/PgDip


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Environmental management is increasingly important in private, public and voluntary sector organisations. Environmental managers in these organisations are responsible for overseeing environmental performance. This may involve developing, implementing, and monitoring environmental strategies, policies and programmes that promote sustainable development.

This course provides students with the necessary up-to-date knowledge and understanding of environmental issues and policy as they impact on the public, private and voluntary sectors. It also provides students with the ability and skills to develop and implement strategies to promote sustainable business practice.

This course will equip you to critically evaluate environmental issues and contribute to the economic and policy decision making process in organisations of any size. It will give you the skills and experience required to monitor and critically evaluate business practice through the environmental auditing and other assessment methods. You will graduate ready to effectively develop and implement best practice strategies which lead to environmentally and socially responsible products and services.

Course overview

The MSc in Environmental Management for Business is made up of eight compulsory taught modules, a group project and an individual research project. Taught modules are assessed through written assignments, group work and oral presentations.

In addition to management, communication, teamwork and research skills, on completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate environmental issues and contribute to the economic and policy decision making process in both the public and private sectors at all levels;
  • Effectively develop and implement best practice strategies which lead to environmentally and socially responsible products and services;
  • Monitor and critically evaluate business practice through the use of environmental auditing and other assessment methods;
  • Comprehensively understand and produce detailed analyses of strategic issues and problems and put forward appropriate proposals and recommendations as an outcome of such analysis;
  • Conceptually understand and apply key management functions and scientific principles to business, as a result of analysis of the economic, legal and political framework which defines environmental obligations and opportunities.
Part-time students normally complete individual dissertations in place of the group project.

Group project

Group projects, which run between February and April, enable you to put the skills and knowledge developed during the course modules into practice in an applied context while gaining transferable skills in project management, teamwork and independent research. Group projects are usually sponsored by industrial or public sector partners who provide particular problems linked to their businesses. Projects generally require the group to provide a solution to the operational problem. Potential future employers value this experience. The group projects are across the MSc courses in the environment programme, giving the added benefit of gaining new insights, ways of thinking, experience and skills from students with other backgrounds

During the project you will develop a range of skills including learning how to establish team member roles and responsibilities, project management, and delivering technical presentations. At the end of the project, all groups submit a written report and deliver a presentation to the industrial partner. This presentation provides the opportunity to develop interpersonal and presentation skills within a professional environment. The project is assessed through a written report and an oral presentation by the group. In addition, a poster exhibition provides the opportunity to develop presentation skills and effectively handle questions about complex issues in a professional manner.

Part-time students normally complete individual dissertations in place of the group project.

Recent group projects include:

  • Peterborough Smart City Urban Observatory (Opportunity Peterborough)
  • Mapping water risk in fresh produce supply chains (Sainsburys)
  • Carbon emission implications of slum sanitation improvement (WSUP)
  • Measuring water sustainability within a water utility (Yorkshire Water)
  • Regulation and networking in functional ceramics. (Piezo Institute).

Individual Project

The individual research project allows you to delve deeper into a specific area of interest. As our academic research is so closely related to industry and public sector organisations, it is very common for our partners to put forward real-world problems or areas of development as potential research topics.

The individual research project component takes place between April/May and August for full-time students. For part-time students, it is common that their research projects are undertaken in collaboration with their place of work under academic supervision, given the approval of the Course Directors.

Individual research projects undertaken may involve a wide range of techniques from qualitative analysis to quantitative modelling.

Recent individual projects:

  • Systematic examination and analysis of European Court decisions based on the precautionary principle                                    
  • Sustainability key performance indicators for a media business
  • Benchmarking agricultural water value and environmental performance
  • How can the fast-moving consumer goods sector help create a market for waste treatment by-products?
  • Disruptive chemical technologies - building and interpreting a Delphi exercise to engage stakeholder viewpoints
  • An environmental evaluation of urban mobility based on an LCA approach
  • Evolution of UK and US shale gas sectors
  • Managing the adoption of circular economy in SME
  • Exploring social media and networks as a driver to promote sustainable behaviour: case analysis and policy implications
  • Evaluation of methods for sustainability assessments of new, emerging and/or renewable energy technologies
  • Exploration of WEEE regulations and the potential for additive manufacturing materials
  • 3D visualisation for marine spatial planning and risk assessment.


This course comprises eight modules, an individual project and a group project.


  • Environmental Management in Practice
    Module LeaderDr Gill Drew - Lecturer in Environmental Management
    • Introduction to the International Standards associated with EMS
    • Environmental legislation and voluntary standards
    • Developing the business case for EMS
    • Barriers to implementation of EMS
    • Waste technology and prevention measures
    • Energy technology and monitoring
    • Water use and technology.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

    • Understand and critique the ISO standards
    • Differentiate between voluntary requirements and legal or regulatory requirements of EMS
    • Evaluate the likely environmental aspects of an organisation, in terms of energy, waste, water and pollution, and the appropriate control mechanisms
    • Analyse the potential barriers to implementation of EMSs within specific organisational contexts.
  • Environmental Policy and Risk Governance
    Module LeaderDr Simon Jude - Lecturer
    • Risk governance
    • Problem definition
    • Environmental risk analysis and management
    • Implementation within organisations
    • Environmental policy development and appraisal
    • Policy instruments.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

    • Define the technical, organisational and human features of good environmental risk governance
    • Understand the environmental policy cycle of implementation and the basics of policy development and appraisal
    • Demonstrate a systematic understanding of the range of policy instruments, namely regulation, economic, voluntary and other measures
    • Understand the role of environmental risk management in policy development and appraisal
    • Compare and contrast environmental risk management techniques, selecting tools appropriate the character of the risk in question
    • Identify the requirements of risk management maturity and the pre-requisites of good corporate risk governance
    • Contextualise their knowledge in case studies of environmental policy and risk governance
    • Apply their knowledge through a group exercise, developing and appraising policy options to manage environmental risk. 
  • Environmental Valuation
    Module LeaderDr Nazmiye Balta-Ozkan - Senior Lecturer in Environmental/Energy Economics
    • Techniques for non-market valuation: cost and income based approaches, demand estimation methods - expressed and revealed preference, choice modelling: examples of applications
    • Multi-criteria analysis
    • Environmental accounting for business
    • Environmental accounting at sector and national levels
    • Case study examples of application
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

    • Demonstrate an understanding and ability to apply different approaches and techniques to determining environmental value and demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of economic valuation and accounting
    • Demonstrate a conceptual understanding of methods to incorporate them into decision making techniques, especially extended cost benefit analysis, risk assessment and multi criteria analysis  
    • Critically appraise the contribution of economic valuation and economic mechanisms to environmental policy
    • Demonstrate an appreciation of the purpose and methods of environmental accounting at sector and national level
  • Evaluating Sustainability
    Module LeaderDr Adrian Williams - Principal Research Fellow
    SyllabusFrameworks and approaches:
    • Life Cycle Assessment, Carbon and Water Footprints, Ecological Footprints, Ecosystem Service Evaluation, Environmental Impact Assessment, Carbon Brainprint, Uncertainty in LCA, Population Dynamics and Sustainability.
    Application areas:
    • Manufacturing, businesses, food production and consumption, energy systems, waste management
    Intended learning outcomesOn successful completion of this study the student should be able to:
    • Appraise and apply the principles of environmental Life Cycle Assessment and water footprinting to production system chains
    • Assess environmental sustainability
    • Evaluate the principles of the Ecological Footprint and ecosystem services
    • Demonstrate the principles of population sustainability
    • Provide insight into real life environmental decision making.
  • Financial and Economic Appraisal for Environmental Management
    Module LeaderDr Paul Burgess - Reader
    • Welfare economics and pareto-efficiency; compensation principle and the role of equity.
    • Market failures and the role of cost benefit analysis
    • Principles and practice of financial and economic appraisal
    • Case study application for an afforestation project in a spreadsheet environment
    • Efficient provision of environmental goods and services.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this module the student will be able to:

    • Demonstrate an understanding of economic efficiency and equity, and its role in decision making
    • Understand the difference between financial and economic appraisal
    • Critically evaluate different financial and economic appraisal metrics such as benefit: cost ratio, net present value, equivalent annual value, and internal rate of return.
    • Critically evaluate the choice of an appropriate discount rate
    • Undertake a financial and an economic appraisal in a spreadsheet environment
    • Use techniques such as sensitivity analysis and Monte Carlo simulation.
  • Principles of Sustainability
    Module LeaderDr Paul Burgess - Reader
    • Moving from an “Empty World” to a “Full World”
    • The Ecosystem Service Approach (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and UK National Ecosystem Assessment)
    • Ecosystem processes and succession; the role of energy; feedback systems; biodiversity and system restoration
    • Using an ecosystem approach: quantifying trade-offs and synergies; improving water and nutrient management, reducing greenhouse gases emissions, enhancing stability, resistance and resilience
    • Introduction to the circular economy: opportunities for businesses; opportunities for consumers
    • How design, manufacturing practice and management can contribute to a circular economy
    • Case study: trade-offs, synergies, and opportunities to enhance well-being and ecosystem service provision in terms of energy, food, feed and wood for a case study area.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this module the student will be able to:

    • Critique the “ecosystem services”, “circular economy”, and “per capita energy use” approaches
    • Critique associated terms such as “human well-being”, “sustainability”, and “biodiversity”
    • Explain the role of energy and feed-back systems in natural systems
    • Explain how an ecosystem service approach can help society to identify and make decisions regarding the use of ecological resources, with a focus on biodiversity, greenhouse gases, nutrient loss, and water use.
    • Explain how we can enhance the stability, resistance and resilience of natural systems.
    • Explain how the “circular economy” provides commercial opportunities
    • Explain how industrial activities such as design and manufacturing can promote a circular economy
    • Use a per capita approach to explore the synergies between food, feed, wood, and renewable energy production to guide decision making and identify opportunities in the context of a case-study.
  • Risk, Communication and Perception
    Module LeaderDr Sophie Rocks - Lecturer in Nanotoxicology
    • What is meant by the perception of risk and how it varies with context
    • Attitudes towards risk based on psychological, cultural and other dimensions
    • The role of various societal groups (the media, NGOs, etc) in risk issues
    • Models of the amplification and attenuation of risk
    • Understanding the “fright factors” in risk perception and the development of trust
    • Horizon scanning and scenario building tools for communicating future risk to individuals and organisations
    • Communicating risk messages to individuals, groups and society at large and errors in communication.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of this study the student should be able to:

    • Describe the "non-science" influences in risk assessment and management using sociological and psychological theories relating to risk perception, attitudes and communication
    • Identify and describe drivers that may influence individual or group perceptions and attitudes towards risk in specific scenarios
    • Participate in the discourse on the roles in society of different stakeholders (e.g. the media, NGOs, academics, government) with respect to risk assessment issues and to be able to describe to others why they have the beliefs they hold
    • Demonstrate skills in listening to concerns from different individuals/groups towards risks and the ability to enter into dialogue with such groups
    • Communicate clearly to a range of audiences the impacts of future risks drawing upon the concepts of horizon scanning and using foresight tools, demonstrating the underlying principles and tensions within such techniques
    • Develop effective means of communication to suit specific or general situations and how to demonstrate its effectiveness, and critique methods based on theories and evidence.
  • Technology, Environment and Society
    Module LeaderDr Philip Longhurst - Reader
    • Ecological Modernisation, definition, key aspects, objectives and methodology
    • Development of associated policy frameworks, market failure, the role of governments, policies and mechanisms to address this
    • Innovation: Technology Development, transfer, adoption and diffusion
    • Innovation and sustainability, utility which process offers in this context, drivers and barriers
    • Integrated Sustainable Technology Assessment in context
    • Clusters, technology road-maps and the development of sustainable technologies: Renewable energy.
    Intended learning outcomes

    On successful completion of the module the student will be able to:

    • Identify and understand theories of technological change, e.g. linear, induced, path-dependent, evolutionary.
    • Appreciate the role of technological change in economic development, environmental protection and transitions to ecological modernisation
    • Understand the role of technological change in achieving transition to a low carbon economy
    • Give examples and explain technology options and policy initiatives to stimulate transitions, e.g. to a low carbon economy
    • Propose and concisely justify a proposal for a low-carbon initiative.


Taught modules: 40%
Group projects: 20%
Individual project: 40%

Start date, duration and location

Start date: Full-time: October. Part-time: throughout the year

Duration: Full-time MSc - one year, Part-time MSc - up to three years, Full-time PgCert - one year, Part-time PgCert - two years, Full-time PgDip - one year, Part-time PgDip - two years

Teaching location: Cranfield


  • Employment prospects – Cranfield’s reputation and links with employers ensure outstanding opportunities to secure excellent positions.
  • Flexibility – a wide choice of topics for your personal project means that you can choose your own specialisation. The course is available on a full-time or part-time basis.
  • Excellence in teaching – in the last Teaching Quality Assessment our courses were rated as “excellent”. 80% of the staff are members of the Registered Practitioners with the Higher Education Academy.
  • Track record – Cranfield University has been providing Masters-level training for over 20 years.
  • Professional recognition – We regularly consult with senior representatives of key industries on questions of course and curriculum design, to ensure that the programme continues to reflect the changing needs of the various sectors in which our students aim to work. The course is accredited by the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM).
  • Postgraduate level – Cranfield University is entirely postgraduate. Many of the students on the course have considerable professional experience.
  • Expert staff – the course is designed and delivered by experts in the field of environmental management.
  • Practical focus – We believe in giving you as much ‘hands on’ work as possible, so that you are learning by doing.

Accreditation and partnerships

This degree has been accredited by the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM).

CIWEM logo

Informed by industry

Our courses are designed to meet the training needs of industry and have a strong input from experts in their sector. These include:

  • P A Consulting
  • Joint Research Centre, Ispra
  • Adas
  • Cresswell Associates
  • Chartered Institute of Waste Management
  • Geospatial Insight
  • Oakdene Hollins
  • Golder
  • Astrium Geo-information Services
  • Unilever
  • Landscape Science Consultancy
  • WRc PLC
  • FWAG
  • RSPB
  • ERM
  • GIGL
  • WRG
  • Environment Agency
  • Chartered Institute of Water and Environment Management
  • Enviros
  • Health Protection Agency
  • Neales Waste
  • Natural England
  • National Trust
  • Trucost
  • SLR Consulting
  • Highview Power Storage
  • Nomura Code Securities

Your teaching team

In the last Teaching Quality Assessment, our courses were rated as “excellent”. The course is designed and delivered by experts in the field of environmental management and 80% of the staff are members of the Registered Practitioners with the Higher Education Academy.

Dr David Parsons - Course Director, a mathematician specialising in the use of modelling, risk assessment and optimisation in decision making related to natural resources.

The teaching team comprises:

Invited lecturers:

  • Paul Stevens – a Professor at UCL International Energy Policy Institute (IEPI) and a Senior Research Fellow (Energy) at Chatham House (The Royal Institute of International Affairs) in London. 
  • Adam Faiers – Spedan Ltd.

Entry Requirements

This course is suitable for graduates with science, engineering, social science or business related degrees keen to pursue careers in resource management; or graduates currently working in industry keen to extend their qualifications; or individuals with other qualifications who possess considerable relevant experience.

English Language

If you are an international student you will need to provide evidence that you have achieved a satisfactory test result in an English qualification. The minimum standard expected from a number of accepted courses are as follows:

IELTS - 6.5

TOEFL - 92 

Pearson PTE Academic - 65

Cambridge English Scale - 180

Cambridge English: Advanced - C

Cambridge English: Proficiency - C

In addition to these minimum scores you are also expected to achieve a balanced score across all elements of the test. We reserve the right to reject any test score if any one element of the test score is too low.

We can only accept tests taken within two years of your registration date (with the exception of Cambridge English tests which have no expiry date).

Students requiring a Tier 4 (General) visa must ensure they can meet the English language requirements set out by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) and we recommend booking a IELTS for UKVI test.


Home EU Student Fees

MSc Full-time - £9,000

MSc Part-time - £1,500 *

PgDip Full-time - £7,200

PgDip Part-time - £1,500 *

PgCert Full-time - £3,600

PgCert Part-time - £1,500 *

Overseas Fees

MSc Full-time - £17,500

MSc Part-time - £17,500 **

PgDip Full-time - £14,000

PgDip Part-time - £14,000 **

PgCert Full-time - £7,000

PgCert Part-time - £10,800 **


The annual registration fee is quoted above. An additional fee of £1,300 per module is also payable.


Students will be offered the option of paying the full fee up front, or to pay in four equal instalments at six month intervals (i.e. the full fee to be paid over the first two years of their registration). 

Fee notes:

  • The fees outlined apply to all students whose initial date of registration falls on or between 1 August 2016 and 31 July 2017.
  • All students pay the tuition fee set by the University for the full duration of their registration period agreed at their initial registration.
  • A deposit may be payable, depending on your course.
  • Additional fees for extensions to the agreed registration period may be charged and can be found below.
  • Fee eligibility at the Home/EU rate is determined with reference to UK Government regulations. As a guiding principle, EU nationals (including UK) who are ordinarily resident in the EU pay Home/EU tuition fees, all other students (including those from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man) pay Overseas fees.


To help students in finding and securing appropriate funding we have created a funding finder where you can search for suitable sources of funding by filtering the results to suit your needs. Visit the funding finder.

Prestige Scholarship

The Prestige Scholarship provides funding of up to £11,000 to cover up to £9k fees and a potential contribution to living expenses. This scholarship has been designed to attract exceptional candidates to Cranfield University so we welcome applications from UK or EU graduates with a first-class honours undergraduate degree. Prestige Scholarships are available for all MSc courses in the Energy, Environment and Agrifood themes.

Merit MSc Bursary

The Merit MSc Bursary provides funding of up to £5,000 towards tuition fees. Applicants should be UK or EU graduates with a first class honours, 2:1 honours or in exceptional circumstances 2:2 honours undergraduate degree in a relevant subject. Merit MSc Bursaries are available for all MSc courses in the Energy, Environment and Agrifood themes.

International MSc Bursary

The International MSc Bursary provides funding of up to £5,000 towards tuition fees. Applicants should be from outside the EU with a first class honours or upper second class honours undergraduate degree or equivalent in a relevant subject. International MSc Bursaries are available for all MSc courses in the Energy, Environment and Agrifood themes.

Cranfield Postgraduate Loan Scheme (CPLS)

The Cranfield Postgraduate Loan Scheme (CPLS) is a funding programme providing affordable tuition fee and maintenance loans for full-time UK/EU students studying technology-based MSc courses.

Conacyt (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia)

Cranfield offers competitive scholarships for Mexican students in conjunction with Conacyt (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia) in science, technology and engineering.

Commonwealth Shared Scholarship Scheme

Students from developing countries who would not otherwise be able to study in the UK can apply for Commonwealth Shared Scholarships for Master’s study, jointly supported by UK universities.

Application Process

Online application form. UK students are normally expected to attend an interview and financial support is best discussed at that time. Overseas and EU students may be interviewed by telephone.

Career opportunities

Successful students develop diverse and rewarding careers in government ministries, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), environmental and business consultancies, public sector organisations, such as environmental protection agencies, and the manufacturing and service industries in the private sector. 

The international nature of the course means that career opportunities are not restricted to the UK. Cranfield graduates develop careers around the world. 

We have been providing Masters level training for over 20 years. Our strong reputation and links with potential employers provide you with outstanding opportunities to secure interesting jobs and develop successful careers. The increasing interest in sustainability and corporate and social responsibility has also enhanced the career prospects of our graduates. 

Cranfield's applied approach and close links with industry mean 93% of our graduates find jobs relevant to their degree or go on to further study within six months of graduation. Our careers team support you while you are studying and following graduation with workshops, careers fairs, vacancy information and one-to-one support. 

The Cranfield Experience - A Student Perspective

What is the postgraduate student experience like at Cranfield University? What is it like to do an Environment programme MSc at Cranfield? Some of our students made this video to help answer such questions. Enjoy!

Environment Management